The OECD releases a new report on "OECD Project on Best Available Techniques for Preventing and Controlling Industrial Chemical Pollution: Activity I: Policies On BAT or Similar Concepts Across The World".
You will find in the report information on policies and practices that embody BAT or similar concepts to prevent and control industrial chemical pollution in seven countries across the world.
More information on the report.
OECD Member Countries:
Different policies and practices are being implemented around the world to prevent and control the emission of pollutants in order to ensure a high level of environmental and human health protection. National and international approaches are often based on the use of advanced techniques – Best Available Techniques (BAT).
The BAT concept has evolved as one of the key elements for setting emission limit values and other permit conditions in preventing and controlling industrial emissions. BAT are the latest stage (state of the art) of processes, facilities or methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability of a particular measure for limiting discharges.
Why the OECD works on Best Available Techniques?
Countries spend significant resources on implementing, reviewing and updating information on advanced industrial practices and technology for preventing and controlling industrial pollution. Therefore,there is an added value in sharing experience and knowledge, amongst OECD Member countries and Partner countries, on how BAT are applied in various parts of the world, how information on the highest achievable environmental performance is gathered, and how such policies and practices are evaluated with respect to their effectiveness and efficiency.
Objective of the Programme
The overall objective of the project is to assist governments to implement policies and practices that embody BAT (or similar concepts) to prevent and control industrial emissions.
The current OECD BAT project (running from January 2016 to December 2018) is divided into three activities.
Activity 1 involves the compilation of information on policies and practices using BAT (or similar concepts) in four OECD Member Countries (the United States, the European Union, Japan and New Zealand) and three Partner Countries (India, the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation). The findings from the first activity were presented in a report issued in May 2017, based on literature review and extensive contacts with national experts on pollution prevention and control, including the members of OECD’s designated Expert Group on BAT. Information from experts was collected via a survey and subsequent information-exchange. The draft report was reviewed by the OECD and the OECD’s designated Expert Group on BAT and presented at a workshop held in November 2016.
Activity 2 aims to exchange experiences on how information on advanced techniques (so-called candidate BAT) is gathered, and how these are evaluated and identified/selected as BAT. Data for Activity 2 is collected through literature research, a survey as well as comprehensive exchange with national experts. While BAT for all sectors are of relevance for the activity, three target sectors have been identified: (i) processing of non-ferrous metals; (ii) pre-treatment (operations such as washing, bleaching, mercerisation) or dyeing of textile fibers or textiles; and (iii) production of pulp and paper. Findings from Activity 2 will be discussed at an expert meeting in Seville in November 2017, and published in a report early 2018.
Activity 3 will seek to evaluate the effectiveness of BAT policies and practices by using PRTR information or monitoring data. The activity will result in a final report which will be published by the end of the project period.