The objective of the OECD Biocide Programme is to attain a harmonised approach in the regulation of biocides in all OECD countries. The OECD is thus working on harmonising the main data requirements for biocides and the methodologies for the interpretation of these data.
Biocides are important and contribute to the protection of humans and animals against infectious diseases. However, biocides are designed to affect living organisms negatively. Even if premarket approval already can deliver a high level of protection, knowledge gaps can still remain. This report describes a common understanding of what sustainable use of biocides could entail and different possible aspects of sustainable use.
There have been reports these last years of declines in native and managed pollinators in several regions of the world. Potential factors associated with these declines are hypothesised to include habitat destruction, predators, certain agricultural practices, bee management practices, pathogens, climate change, nutrition and pesticides. There is uncertainty regarding the extent to which pesticides contribute to pollinator declines.
The programme (or BioPesticides including microbials - bacteria, algae, protozoa viruses, fungi -, pheromones and semiochemicals, macrobials/invertebrates such as insects and nematodes, and plant extracts/botanicals) helps member countries to harmonise the methods and approaches used to assess biological pesticides.
This report provides recommendations on risk assessment considerations for exogenously-applied double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-based products, with a focus on issues relating to data requirements for determining the environmental fate of sprayable RNA molecules and for examining the potential risks to non-target organisms. It provides scientific information and considerations to regulate RNA interference (RNAi) technology for pest control.
Two new reports have been released in the Series on Pesticides: A Guidance Document for the Assessment of the Equivalence of Technical Grade Active Ingredients for Identical Microbial Strains and a Guidance Document on Residues in Rotational Crops.
This page tells about the OECD Pesticide Risk Reduction project.
The COVID-19 pandemic calls for urgent policy responses to support the supply of disinfectant products such as hand sanitisers and wipes. The OECD is collecting and providing available information in countries to manage the emergency supply to increase availability of disinfectant products from different competent authorities and industry organisations.
10-12 April 2019: The conference on RNA interference (RNAi) based pesticides will provide an overview of the current state of the knowledge of RNA interference (RNAi) as it relates to the potential use of this naturally occurring mode of action in agriculture. This will be an efficient route to this information for policy makers, particularly given the large volume of scientific information that is available in the literature.
24 June 2019: This OECD seminar presented and discussed the potential use of genome sequence, bioinformatic tools and databases in a regulatory decision process for microbial pesticides.