Chemical safety and biosafety

Organisation of the Environment, Health and Safety Programme

 

The OECD's work on Chemical Safety and biosafety is carried out under the Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) Programme and its secretariat is the EHS Division in the Environment Directorate.


The Programme is overseen by the "Joint Meeting" which comprises the EPOC Working Party on Chemicals, Pesticides and Biotechnology and the Chemicals Committee. The Chemicals Committee, like the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC), reports directly to the OECD Council. The work of the Chemicals Committee is largely funded by a specific (Part II) budget, separate from the regular OECD budget.


The Joint Meeting of the Chemicals Committee and Working Party on Chemicals, Pesticides and Biotechnology oversees eleven main subsidiary bodies called Working Parties, Working Groups or Task Forces. In addition, in order to continue specific work that needs input from experts, the Joint Meeting and its Working Groups establish various sub-groups with specific time-limited mandates, such as Expert Groups, Steering Groups, Expert Panels, and Issues Teams to study specific issues, to oversee defined projects, or develop proposals. Non-member economies and stakeholder partners also participate in the activities of the EHS Programme.


The following are the work areas of the EHS Programme and the Working Groups/Task Forces and some of their main sub-bodies that carry out the work:

 

Test Guidelines Programme

Working Group of National Co-ordinators of the Test Guidelines Programme

Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring

Working Group on Good Laboratory Practice

Exposure Assessment Programme

Task Force on Exposure Assessment

Risk Management Programme

    • Global PFC Group
    • Issue Team on Sustainable Chemistry
    • Ad Hoc Group on Alternatives Assessment

Hazard Assessment Programme

Task Force on Hazard Assessment

Pesticides Programme

Working Group on Pesticides

Biocides Programme

Task Force on Biocides

 Chemical Accidents Programme

Working Group on Chemical Accidents

Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers Programme

Task Force on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers

 Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology

Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology

Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds

Task Force for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feed

Safety of manufactured nanomaterials

Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials

 

Work with Partner Economies

Working with governments outside the OECD is an important part of the EHS Programme. Experts from non-member economies often take part in its technical work which goes into the development of methods, guidelines, reports and other products.

 

Argentina, Brazil, India, Malaysia, South Africa and Singapore are full participants in the Joint Meeting for issues related to Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) and in the Working Groups of National Co-ordinators of the Test Guidelines Programme and on Good Laboratory Practice. South Africa, Latvia and Colombia are also regular participants to the Joint Meeting and its subsidiary bodies to the Joint Meeting. Argentina and the Russian Federation are participants in the Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology and the Task Force for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds.  Thailand is an observer to the Working Group on Good Laboratory Practice and the Working Group of National Co-ordinators of the Test Guidelines Programme in the framework of its provisional adherence to the MAD Council Decision. Several other partner countries take part in the work of specific subsidiary bodies.

 

Many projects are carried out with other international organisations which represent non-member countries. A coordinating mechanism through the InterOrganisational Programme on the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) ensures that duplication is avoided.

 

Stakeholder Partners

The Joint Meeting recognises the valuable contribution that non-governmental organisations make to EHS issues and attaches great importance to working with them. Representatives of environmental NGOs, business, and trade unions participate as invited experts in the Joint Meeting and subsidiary bodies, and in a range of activities under the Joint Meeting, including various expert meetings, conferences, workshops, etc.


Industry participation in Joint Meeting activities is organised by the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD (BIAC), while trade union representation is organised by the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD (TUAC). The participation of environmental NGOs across the OECD is co-ordinated by the European Environmental Bureau (EEB). The International Council for Animal Protection in OECD Programmes (ICAPO) participates as invited experts in meetings where issues relating to animal welfare are discussed.

 

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