Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to the Assessment and recommendations of the Environmental performance review of Sweden, published in June 2014 ahead of the full publication of the report in September 2014.
This is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance: the first was published in 1996, the second in 2004. It provides Sweden’s policy makers with a wide-ranging assessment of environmental progress and policies.
Sweden is a front runner in many fields of environmental policy.
It has a robust, innovation-oriented economy and a well-developed welfare state system. Sweden has a sound environmental governance structure. It is among the most innovative OECD countries when it comes to environment-related technology, and has pioneered several policy instruments, many based on the principle of putting a price on environmentally harmful activities.
Progress in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been impressive and Sweden has committed to ambitious climate goals. With neighbouring countries, Sweden shares a responsibility for the Baltic Sea, a very vulnerable marine ecosystem. Taking account of the benefits marine ecosystems in decision making is, therefore, all the more important.
While overall environmental quality is very good, the country faces challenges in meeting the very ambitious environmental quality objectives it has set for itself. The Environmental
Performance Review of Sweden identifies lessons from the
country’s experience and suggests further steps towards
a green future.
The entire report will be published on the OECD library in September 2014.
For more information please contact Ivana Capozza
Photo credits : Derek Yu/Flickr, Creative Commons attribution licence. Istockphoto.com/x3viar, Funkform.
Icons : Rural by Evan Caughey, Water by Alessandro Suraci, Tree by Tim Boelaars, Mountain by Benni, Lake by Pieter J. Smits, Forest by Juan Pablo Bravo, Tree by Lance Hancock, all from The Noun Project