Environmental country reviews

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2019

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

Published on February 19, 2019

Also available in: French, Turkish

Turkey is the fastest growing OECD economy with rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Since 2008, its economic growth has been relatively decoupled from air emissions, energy use, waste generation and water consumption. However, the high resource intensity of Turkey’s economy and its heavy reliance on fossil fuels will continue to increase these environmental pressures in absolute terms. More progress is needed in the transition to a low-carbon, circular economy to improve the country’s environmental performance.This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Turkey. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate change and urban wastewater management.


Reader's guide
Abbreviations and acronyms
Basic statistics of Turkey
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments
Environmental governance and management
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Climate change
Urban wastewater management
Powered by OECD iLibrary

Press release

“Turkey has made a good start on shifting to cleaner energy but needs to step up its efforts and increase investment in geothermal, solar and wind power,” said OECD Environment Director Rodolfo Lacy. “Setting objectives for energy efficiency should also be a priority.”

Read the press release

Türkçe basın bültenini oku

Key Statistic



 Access the data



launch presentation

OECD Environmental Performance Review: Turkey 2019 - Launch presentation from OECD Environment

further reading


Turkey's review process

Engage with us

  • For more information on this review please contact Eugene Mazur, Review Co-ordinator for Turkey.
  • To receive our Environment newsletter, sign up to MyOECD (choose "Environment" as an area of interest and tick "Environment News" under Newsletters).