Switzerland has taken steps to improve the environmental performance of its agricultural,
energy and transport sectors. The country is a top OECD performer in terms of greenhouse
gas emissions intensity and it should be commended for its innovative approach towards
rehabilitation of its river system. Yet unsustainable consumption patterns and high
levels of municipal waste generation, as well as high percentages of threatened species,
are areas of concern. As a major financial centre, Switzerland has a key role to play
in promoting green finance.
This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Switzerland. It evaluates progress
towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on: water
management and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.
“Switzerland is one of the greenest countries in terms of its energy supply, but unsustainable consumption patterns and biodiversity loss are driving down its environmental performance,” said OECD Deputy Secretary-General Masamichi Kono, presenting the Review in Bern. “As a world leader in research and innovation and a finance hub, Switzerland is in a good position to encourage climate finance and the development of green alternatives.”