Canada, the world's second largest country by area, has abundant natural resources.
Its vast territory includes large tracts of undisturbed wilderness. However, urbanisation
and agriculture are putting pressure on the natural asset base. Since 2000, Canada
has made progress in decoupling economic growth from air pollution, energy consumption
and GHG emissions, but it remains one of the most energy- and emissions-intensive
economies in the OECD. Further progress is needed to transition to a green, low-carbon
This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Canada. It evaluates progress
towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate
change mitigation and urban wastewater management.
Published on December 19, 2017Also available in: French
A reaffirmed commitment to fighting climate change has set Canada on a greener course, but the country needs to quickly implement planned measures to reduce the carbon intensity of its energy industry, particularly in oil sands, and green its transport sector in order to progress towards its 2030 emissions goals.
“We applaud Canada’s renewed determination under the current government to tackle climate change, and its leadership in international climate diplomacy at a crucial time,” said OECD Environment Director Anthony Cox. “That said, Canada’s own emissions-cutting objectives for 2030 will stay out of reach without swift and concrete policy action and greater use of economic instruments to wean the country off fossil fuels.”