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New Zealand’s natural environment is part of its cultural identity and a pillar of its economic growth, but it can’t be taken for granted. It is vital to make full use of existing tools to curb environmental pressures.
English, PDF, 4,433kb
Korea's rapid economic growth has been accompanied by significant pollution and consumption of resources. Increased investment has improved access to environmental services, but disparities remain between rural and urban areas. The country has created a strong green growth policy framework. Its future prosperity rests on implementing this ambitious transition to a green, low-carbon economy.
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Since 2000, Estonia’s small, open economy is still highly carbon- and energy‑intensive, due to its dependence on oil shale. The oil shale mining and processing sector still causes considerable damage to the air, soil and water. Estonia is pursuing an ambitious green tax reform, and the environmental goods and services sector is developing fast. However, the country needs to accelerate the transition to a green, low-carbon economy.
OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.
This report is the second Environmental Performance Review of Chile. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.
France has improved its environmental performance over the last decade, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, reducing some air pollutants and cutting its use of fresh water. Further effort will be needed, however, to reduce pollution by nitrates and pesticides and meet ambitious renewable energy targets, according to a new OECD report.
Peru is a multicultural, megadiverse country, with abundant ecosystem and natural resources, and an ancient tradition in the sustainable management of its resources. Growing pressures from extractive industries, unplanned urbanisation and deforestation are threatening its natural heritage and the population's well-being.
Since 2010, ten countries asked for their Environmental Performance Review to focus on their climate change policies, sometimes associated to related subjects such as energy or air pollution.