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Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to the OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Colombia.
Four years after its 2010 Environmental performance review, Ireland's mid-term report presents its main achievements, including reforms of the waste and water sectors, a new domestic water charge and a carbon tax.
In its first Environmental Performance Review of South Africa, the OECD praises the progress made with environmental reforms. It also urges Africa’s biggest economy to keep focusing on green growth to help it shift towards a low-carbon model that will improve the well-being of all South Africans and preserve its rich natural habitat.
Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.
L’Italia ha lanciato una serie di iniziative volte a migliorare la gestione delle risorse naturali e a ridurre l’intensità energetica. Il rafforzamento della legislazione e delle politiche ambientali ha consentito di ridurre l’inquinamento dell’aria e delle acque superficiali, e di migliorare la gestione dei rifiuti e la protezione della biodiversità.
Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.
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This inventory includes recent policy briefs, brochures and flyers related to the environment and chemical safety programmes.
El programa de la OCDE sobre las evaluaciones del desempeño ambiental proporciona una evaluación independiente del progreso de los países para cumplir los compromisos nacionales e internacionales en materia de políticas ambientales junto con recomendaciones relevantes a dichas políticas.
This paper examines the carbon prices that have emerged from the implementation of three key market-based instruments in Germany: energy taxes, vehicle taxes and the EU Emissions Trading System. It also reviews the use of feed-in tariffs to promote electricity generation from renewable sources, with a focus on the implied GHG abatement costs and the interactions with other environmental policy instruments.
This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.