This is the third review of Austria's environmental performance. It analyses progress in achieving a range of national objectives and international commitments, and presents 27 recommendations on how performance could be improved. Progress towards a green, low carbon economy is part of the assessment.
The OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their environmental policy objectives in order to help improve individual and collective environmental performance.
During the 2000s, Austria experienced robust performance on many economic and social indicators and continued to improve its overall environmental performance. The report briefly describes Austria’s progress in:
Reducing the carbon, energy and material intensities of its economy.
Managing its natural asset base, including its water and biodiversity resources.
Improving the environmental quality of life of the population.
Austria has launched several initiatives related to green growth. The use of economic instruments has been extended and a competitive environmental goods and services sector has emerged. This report discusses:
The use of taxation policy to pursue environmental objectives.
Progress in removing fiscal incentives that can encourage environmentally harmful activities.
Public and private investment in environment-related services and infrastructure, and the use of subsidies to encourage environment-friendly investment.
The environmental goods and services sector and its potential to serve as a source of economic growth and jobs.
Progress in mainstreaming the environment in development co-operation programmes.
Climate change adaptation and climate-related natural hazards
Austria has a long-established system for managing climate-related natural hazards. Climate change adaptation is a newly emerging policy area that has recently moved into the implementation phase. This report reviews:
The policy and institutional framework for climate change adaptation.
The process to adopt and implement the National Adaptation Strategy.
The mechanisms in place to secure finance and effectively mainstreaming adaptation into sectoral policies.
The Austrian contribution to supporting adaptation activities in partner countries.