Consumption, innovation and the environment

Microdata Analysis for Environmental Finance and Investment (MEFI)


The OECD has launched a new project on effects of public policy conditions on leveraging private financing for environmental and climate mitigation investments. Drawing upon a wide variety of datasets the project will seek to identify those policy conditions which result in increased private finance flows. This will include the analysis of fiscal incentives such as investment grants and tax preferences, as well as more general environmental policy instruments (e.g. feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standards). The cost-effectiveness and fiscal implications of different measures will be assessed. For more information, please email:

RECENT analysis

Public Interventions and Private Climate Finance Flows: Empirical Evidence from Renewable Energy Financing 

This paper uses a unique dataset of investment flows to analyse the role of two categories of public interventions (finance and policies) in mobilising flows of private climate finance worldwide and in the more specific context of flows to and in developing countries.

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data 

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis draws on financial transactions data and a unique dataset of renewable energy policies (available here‌‌).


Sources of Finance, Investment Policies and Plant Entry in the Renewable Energy Sector

This report looks specifically at the full array of public policies promoting investment in the renewable energy sector, and discusses their impact on plant entry into the market, with the support of case studies focusing on Germany, the U.S.A. and Australia. It examines differing risk/return expectations across stages of the investment continuum (from R&D through to mergers and acquisitions) and the financial structures that are employed at each stage.

Effectiveness of Policies and Strategies to Increase the Capacity Utilisation of Intermittent Renewable Power Plants

Intermittent renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, will become increasingly important in the electricity supply mix if ambitious renewable energy targets are to be met. This paper presents evidence on the effectiveness of different strategies and measures to increase the capacity utilisation of wind and other intermittent renewable energy plants.

Environmental Policy Stringency and Foreign Direct Investment

This paper examines empirically whether countries with relatively more lax environmental regimes have a comparative advantage in their competition for foreign direct investment.




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