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Documents on Economic Instruments and Climate Change.
Recommends that Member countries practice integrated pollution prevention and control, taking into account the effects of activities and substances on the environment as a whole and the whole commercial and environmental life cycles of substances.
The Governments of OECD Member countries declare that they will ensure that environmental considerations are taken fully into account at an early stage in the development and implementation of economic and other policies in such areas as agriculture, industry, energy and transport.
Recommends that Member countries should pursue policies to control more effectively air pollution resulting from emissions of oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, hydrocarbons.
Recommends that Member countries, in the context of their long-term environmental and energy policies, identify and promote environmentally favourable energy options consistent with broader social and economic goals.
Recommends that the Governments of Member countries involved or likely to be involved in the prevention and control of oil spills examine the advantages to be derived from the conclusion of agreements.
Recommends that Member countries develop in accordance with their own rules for the allocation of functions among the political and administrative institutions, their co-operation in regard to environmental protection in frontier regions.
Recommends that Member countries, in regard to each other, take into account the principles concerning transfrontier pollution set forth in the Annex to this Recommendation.
Recommends that Member countries be guided in their coastal protection and development policies by the principles.
Recommends that Member countries, in the planning and implementation of their energy and environment policies, ensure that: i) environment policies and energy policies are integrated, both at the formulation stage and the implementation stage.