Environment Directorate


  • Environmental country review: France 2016

    France has conducted a voluntary and ambitious environment policy, marked in 2015 by the Energy Transition Act and the Paris Agreement to COP21, and in 2016 on biodiversity. The great challenge now is to keep these commitments.

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  • Action on climate change

    The OECD has a long experience of exchanging knowledge and good practices through effective, policy-orientated and collaborative initiatives. The OECD is helping countries with policy analysis and guidance to implement NDCs and prepare their action plans on climate change mitigation and adaptation. How is the OECD supporting action on climate change? Find out more.

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  • Environmental country review: Chile 2016

    Chile is an economic powerhouse in Latin America. The question for the next quarter century is whether it will be able to continue to deliver solid economic growth in a way that protects its environmental asset base.

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We help countries to design environmental policies that are both economically efficient and effective at achieving their environmental objectives.

focus on Air pollution

According to OECD report "The Cost of Air Pollution: Health Impacts of Road Transport", air pollution has now become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water. In most OECD countries, the death toll from heart and lung diseases caused by air pollution is much higher than the one from traffic accidents.

Green Talks: LIVE | Shipping after #COP21, will we miss the boat?

Maritime transport was not included in the Paris Climate Agreement, yet its CO2 emissions could reach 17% of total global emissions by 2050.

Watch ITF expert Olaf Merk for the latest on what would be needed to help us prevent breaking the 2°C deal.