Working Papers


  • 2-September-2015

    English

    Vocational training and adult learning for better skills in France

    France devotes a great deal of resources to vocational training for youths and especially adults, but the system is unduly complex and yields rather poor returns. The basic literacy and numeracy skills of many French adults remain weak in international comparison, with harmful effects on employment opportunities, wages and well-being.

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  • 2-September-2015

    English

    Reducing inequality and poverty in Portugal

    Portugal has one of the most unequal income distributions in Europe and poverty levels are high. The economic crisis has halted a long-term gradual decline in both inequality and poverty and the number of poor households is rising, with children and youths being particularly affected. Unemployment is one of the principal reasons why household incomes declined.

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  • 21-August-2015

    English

    Making New Zealand’s economic growth more inclusive

    New Zealand generally performs well in terms of economic and social inclusion. It has high employment rates, and education and health-care systems work well for most.

  • 21-August-2015

    English

    Policy areas for increasing productivity in Latvia

    Much of the convergence of the Latvian economy needs to come from productivity increases. To achieve this, policy makers should do more to facilitate the integration of the economy into global trade and promote competitive business environment.

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  • 21-August-2015

    English

    Improving public sector efficiency for more inclusive growth in Latvia

    This working paper explores avenues to improve public sector efficiency in Latvia, a catching-up and ageing economy where spending needs are large.

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  • 11-August-2015

    English

    Non-standard contracts, flexibility and employment adjustment: empirical evidence from Russian establishment data

    This paper examines the use of two forms of non-standard work contracts in Russia with data from an enterprise survey for the years 2009 to 2011. Non-standard work contracts are less costly and more flexible for employers. Internal adjustment in form of wage cuts or unpaid leave is not covered by the Labour Code and earlier practices to impose such measures are less tolerated.

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  • 22-July-2015

    English

    Sustaining the economic expansion in New Zealand

    Ensuring that permanent spending or tax cuts are implemented in a sustainable manner would encourage the strong fiscal position that New Zealand needs to meet potentially large macroeconomic shocks and long-run ageing-related costs.

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  • 22-July-2015

    English

    The economic consequences of an ageing population in Slovenia

    Slovenia’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This demographic trend will increasingly put pressure on already fragile public finances as age related expenditure is projected to rise by 3 percentage points of GDP by the year 2030.

  • 16-June-2015

    English, PDF, 2,088kb

    Local Economic Leadership

    This body of work has led to a specific focus on local economic leadership and the critical role that it plays in creating the framework conditions for inclusive growth.

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  • 29-May-2015

    English

    Skills and labour market performance in Sweden

    Both educational attainment and skills, as measured in the OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), are high in Sweden. They are not perfect substitutes, but both are to some degree necessary for successfully integrating in the Swedish labour market.

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