Structural reforms and income distribution
English, PDF, 516kb
Sweden has a well-educated population and a high level of skills relative to other OECD countries, but student performance has fallen for the past decades. An additional challenge is how to better connect the education system to the labour market to ensure that students are equipped with those skills demanded by employers.
This roadmap identifies elements of good design and public policy to assist countries to strengthen retirement income adequacy in an environment where pension benefits result from assets accumulated during working life.
Curbing inflation and improving the effectiveness of public finance programmes are key challenges of macroeconomic policy in India. Complex labour regulations and infrastructure bottlenecks are holding back growth in the manufacturing sector. Raising the low female economic participation and higher spending on health would raise growth and make it more inclusive.
Both generic and specialised ICT skills are becoming an important requirement for employment across the economy as the Internet becomes more engrained in work processes, but a significant part of the population lacks the basic skills necessary to function in this new environment. This paper examines the impact of the Internet on the labour market in this context.
How can governments ensure that migration and free movement of workers contribute to meeting the labour market shortages that are expected to arise over the next 50 years? How can societies better use the skills of their migrants? What lessons can non-European OECD countries offer Europe, particularly regarding labour migration management? “Matching economic migration with labour market needs” addresses these questions.
English, PDF, 180kb
The unemployment rate in Brazil continues its downward trend, despite a slowdown in GDP growth. At 4.9% (for urban areas), Brazil’s unemployment rate is considerably below the OECD average of 7.4%.
English, PDF, 164kb
New Zealand was hit hard by the crisis but the economy has gained momentum and the labour market is improving. The employment rate has risen steadily in the past two years and has reached its historical pre-crisis high. Consequently, unemployment has fallen.
English, PDF, 155kb
The unemployment rate in Indonesia continues to trend downwards. At 5.7% in Q1 2014, Indonesia’s unemployment rate is considerably below the levels observed in 2007 (above 9%). It is also now well below the OECD average of 7.4%.
English, PDF, 160kb
The South African labour market continues to perform poorly compared to OECD and other G20 countries, and the global financial crisis appears to have worsened the situation.