English, PDF, 348kb
Business lending in Ireland has still not recovered to pre-crisis levels. Credit conditions remain tight, and interest rates high by Euro area standards, especially for small firms.
English, PDF, 878kb
OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. However, there are concerns that part-time and temporary work are contributing to inequality and poverty. Policy needs to focus on ensuring that these "non-traditional" jobs are stepping stones to better jobs, not dead ends.
English, PDF, 343kb
Addressing poor labour market outcomes for youth will require measures to boost job creation, increase employability through better education and training, promote entrepreneurship, improve job quality, and strengthen social protection.
English, PDF, 341kb
The incidence of long-term unemployment in Slovenia is among the highest in the OECD. The crisis has hit the youth the hardest, leaving more than one in five young workers without a job.
English, PDF, 355kb
To achieve greater gender equality in employment and more inclusive growth, Japan needs to change the workplace culture and ensure that the tax and social security systems do not reduce work incentives for second earners in households.
English, PDF, 732kb
The OECD programme on local economic and employment development (LEED) has advised governments and communities since 1982 on how to respond to economic change and tackle complex problems in a fast-changing world. Its mission is to contribute to the creation of more and better quality jobs through more effective policy implementation, innovative practices, stronger capacities and integrated strategies at the local level.
English, PDF, 1,361kb
Many spells in self-employment end within the first few years of business. This can be by choice to earn income in-between jobs, or it can be due to systematic barriers that prevent businesses from becoming sustainable. This Policy Brief was prepared by the LEED (Local Economic and Employment Development) Programme of the OECD with the financial support of the European Commission, D-G for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
English, PDF, 405kb
Three out of four OECD countries use minimum wages, and supporting low-wage earners is widely seen as important for promoting inclusive growth. This policy brief considers three aspects that are central for a balanced assessment of policy choices: The cost of employing minimum-wage workers, their take-home pay, and the number of workers affected.
English, PDF, 370kb
Wage stagnation and rising inequality are putting pressure on many American households. Facilitating movement up the career ladder and shoring up wages at the bottom of the pay ladder are policy priorities.
English, PDF, 516kb
Sweden has a well-educated population and a high level of skills relative to other OECD countries, but student performance has fallen for the past decades. An additional challenge is how to better connect the education system to the labour market to ensure that students are equipped with those skills demanded by employers.