Policy Briefs


  • 24-May-2017

    English, PDF, 3,380kb

    Policy Brief on the Future of Work: Basic Income as a Policy Option

    Recent debates of Basic Income proposals shine a useful spotlight on the challenges that traditional forms of income support are increasingly facing, and highlight gaps in social provisions that largely depend on income or employment status. Reforms towards more universal income support would need to be introduced in stages, requiring a parallel debate on how to finance a more equal sharing of the benefits of economic growth.

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  • 19-April-2017

    English, PDF, 617kb

    Reforming Brazil’s pension system

    Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.

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  • 28-February-2017

    English, PDF, 564kb

    Sweden Policy Brief: Employment- Boosting Skills from the Bottom Up

    The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.

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  • 15-December-2016

    English, PDF, 344kb

    Policy Brief on the Future of Work: Skills for a Digital World

    Information and communication technologies (ICT) are profoundly changing the skill profile of jobs. Skill development policies need to be overhauled to reduce the risk of increased unemployment and growing inequality.

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  • 31-October-2016

    English, PDF, 369kb

    Indonesia Policy Brief: Enhancing Job Quality

    Sustained growth and job creation have helped increase Indonesian living standards significantly, but the quality of available jobs remains low, which is a major drag on well-being. In particular, a high incidence of informal jobs in Indonesia means that a large number of workers face the risk of persistent poverty.

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  • 11-July-2016

    English, PDF, 1,182kb

    Closing gender gaps in the labour markets of emerging economies: The unfinished job

    Despite unprecedented progress over the past century, gender gaps in the labour market persist throughout the world and are especially marked in emerging economies. While the quantity of jobs held by women has increased in many countries, female workers continue to have worse jobs than men.

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  • 18-May-2016

    English, PDF, 352kb

    Policy brief on the Future of Work: Automation and independent work in a digital economy

    OECD analyses have begun to understand the relationship between digitalisation, jobs and skills, the magnitude of potential job substitution due to technological change, the relationship between globalisation and wage polarisation, as well as the changes to the organisation of work.

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  • 2-March-2016

    English, PDF, 377kb

    Policy Brief: Parental leave: Where are the fathers?

    All OECD countries, except the United States, provide nationwide paid maternity leave. Over half also offer paternity leave to fathers right after childbirth. By enabling fathers to take on a greater share of the childcare burden, parental leave can support women’s careers.

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  • 30-September-2015

    English, PDF, 348kb

    Ireland Policy Brief: Improving SMEs' Access to Finance to Boost Growth and Job Creation

    Business lending in Ireland has still not recovered to pre-crisis levels. Credit conditions remain tight, and interest rates high by Euro area standards, especially for small firms.

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  • 12-August-2015

    English, PDF, 878kb

    Policy Brief: Adapting to the changing face of work - Policies to make the most of part-time and temporary work

    OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. However, there are concerns that part-time and temporary work are contributing to inequality and poverty. Policy needs to focus on ensuring that these "non-traditional" jobs are stepping stones to better jobs, not dead ends.

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