The economic outlook has weakened significantly over the past six months, which is not good news for employment or the prospects of those looking for work. Policy action targeted on youth and the long-term unemployed can, and must, be taken.
Gathering evidence is an essential requirement for local development organisations to design sound economic development strategies, demonstrate delivery against objectives, and prepare a path for future policy action.
The jobs crisis has three particularly worrying aspects. First, the risk of unemployment becoming entrenched is more and more real in a number of G20 countries. Second, the crisis impacts disproportionately on youth. Finally, growing inequality threatens to affect social cohesion and the living standards of vulnerable families and individuals. To deal with these threats, job creation must be restarted quickly, accompanied by stronger
The LEED Programme is launching a project analysing local skills strategies in place in OECD member and non-member countries, as part of a wider OECD Skills Strategy, and seeking experts in the field to contribute case studies examining a joined up approach to local skills development.
This 3.5-day seminar discussed how to tackle some of the primary challenges SMEs face, addressing the following issues related to SME policy tools and instruments: (i) business cooperation and local governance; (ii) technology, innovation and green growth; and (iii) access to finance.
The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result. Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping the lessons for future policy development. The comparative advantage hypothesis has been suggested as one of the principal explanations of international trade and of the benefits associated with openness. It has also provided the intellectual underpinnings for most trade policy in the past 50 years. This book collects OECD work that builds on recent contributions to the theory and empirics of comparative advantage, putting particular emphasis on the role policy can play in shaping trade.
Mexico has a relatively large informal sector by OECD standards.
The central theme of this international meeting was the need for dialogue between the State and civil society to develop enabling public policy in favour of the social and solidarity economy.
This international conference reviewed and drew lessons from successful past experiences and innovative solutions available today to identify how labour market policy, skills development and training policies can contribute to sustainable employment creation.
This publication examines the effects of taxation on employment, highlights the resulting policy challenges, and discusses the ways governments endeavour to address these challenges. Chapter 1 provides a broad overview of the effects of taxation on employment, examining how taxes on labour income can affect both the size of the labour force and the level of unemployment, and highlighting key areas of concern for tax policy makers. This analysis is then augmented in chapters 2-4 by the more detailed analysis of the effects of taxation on the employment of three groups where empirical research suggests that responses of labour supply to taxation may be relatively large: low-income workers, mobile highly-skilled workers, and older workers. As well as highlighting key areas of concern for tax policy makers, the report places a particular focus on the different measures that have been adopted by countries to attempt to overcome these problems, discussing, where possible, the main design features, and the advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches that have been adopted.