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Un mensaje claro que resulta de este Foro es que, a pesar de algunos signos de mejora, seguimos teniendo una enorme tarea por delante. Nuestras últimas proyecciones estiman que la tasa de desempleo para el conjunto de la OCDE caerá de 7,7% a finales de 2013 a 7,1% a finales de 2015.
Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status.
Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic
growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is
evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based.
Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the
extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure,
fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.
Demand for jobs, characterized by skill type and industry of employment, is driven by changes in technology, trade and consumption. Using structural decomposition analysis, we study the relative importance of these drivers for the period 1995-2008.
Unfavourable demographic trends in many OECD countries threaten the sustainability of potential labour resources, GDP growth and fiscal positions. One factor that is expected to mitigate these trends is continued inflows of migrant workers from low income economies.
Swiss women are now as well educated as their male counterparts. However, progress remains to be made in the job market where both the supply and price of female labour are below that of men.
Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased.
OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014
The recent economic crisis has provided a stress test for the vulnerability of social institutions. This paper assesses the vulnerability of social institutions in light of the current crisis, and surveys past episodes, when social institutions faced similar challenges.