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Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.
Irish youth was hit hard by the crisis. New labour-market policy initiatives have been introduced recently, but more will be needed to limit scarring effects and keep youth connected so that they can get back to work as soon as the recovery strengthens.
Partners of the OECD LEED project on "Local economic strategies for shrinking and ageing labour markets", a 2013-2014 study.
OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.9% in October 2013. Unchanged from the two previous months. Across the OECD area, 47.8 million persons were unemployed in October 2013, 13.1 million more than in July 2008.
This paper takes stock of informal employment in Russia analysing its incidence and determinants. Using the regular 2003-11 waves and an informality supplement of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) it develops several measures of informal employment and demonstrates that the incidence varies widely across the different definitions.
English, Excel, 167kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on mmployment rates, participation rates and labour force; potential GDP, employment and capital stock; and structural unemployment, wage shares and unit labor costs.
English, Excel, 604kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on compensation per employee in the business sector; labour productivity in the business sector; unemployment rates: commonly used definitions; standardised unemployment rates; labour force, employment and unemployment; GDP deflators; private consumption deflators; consumer prices indices; and oil and other primary commodity markets.
A series of short notes aimed at policy makers are being prepared to examine issues and policies for particular social inclusion target groups and specific policy tools that can support them.
OECD Ministers agreed to take a comprehensive range of measures as set out in the OECD Action Plan for Youth, with two main objectives. The first objective is to tackle the current situation of high youth unemployment and underemployment. The second objective is to produce better outcomes for youth in the longer run
English, PDF, 608kb
Presentation given on Tuesday 3 2013.