Despite an improvement in overall macroeconomic performance in Costa Rica, income inequality has risen and is currently at its maximum historical value.
English, PDF, 564kb
The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
In India, the acceleration of structural reforms, the move towards a rule-based policy framework and low commodity prices have provided a strong growth impetus.
This report, commissioned by the XIX Government of Portugal, provides an evaluation of the comprehensive labour market reforms undertaken in Portugal over the period 2011-2015. It describes reforms in the areas of employment protection legislation, unemployment benefits, activation, collective bargaining, minimum wages and working time. The report reviews the reforms in detail and assesses the available evidence on the impact they have had on the labour market. The report concludes that the Portuguese labour market reforms were a move in the right direction. However, despite the progress made, many challenges remain and some of the reforms may not have gone far enough. Unemployment remains high and this situation has fuelled an increase in both poverty and long-term unemployment The labour market remains highly segmented and, in the context of very low inflation, the presence of downward nominal wage rigidity is likely to remain a barrier to the competitiveness of the Portuguese economy – unless productivity growth is strengthened.
This review introduces the background to and issues at stake in promoting equal partnerships in families in Germany. It encourages German policy makers to build on the important reforms since the mid-2000s to enable both fathers and mothers to have careers and children, and urges families to “dare to share”. To those ends it places Germany’s experience in an international comparison, and draws from the experience in, for example, France and the Nordic countries which have longstanding policies to support work-life balance and strengthen gender equality. The review starts with an overview chapter also explaining why and how equal sharing pays for families, children, the economy and society as a whole. The book presents current outcomes, policy trends, as well as detailed analysis of the drivers of paid and unpaid work and how more equal partnerships in families may help sustain fertility rates. The book examines policies to promote partnership, looking both at persistent shortcomings and progress achieved through reform since the mid-2000s. The book includes a set of policy recommendations designed to enable parents to share work and family responsibilities more equally.
OECD unemployment rate stable at 6.2% in December 2016
The School is organising specialised courses on socio-economic development and creating an international platform to exchange experiences and knowledge between public officers and practitioners from OECD member and non member countries that deals with cooperation and local development issues. The Eighth edition will take place from 17th to 28th July, 2017 (Trento, Italy). Applications open.
Spanish, PDF, 548kb
El objetivo de ‘Uruguay Trabaja’ es contribuir al desarrollo de procesos de integración social a través de estrategias socioeducativas y de mejora del nivel de empleabilidad de personas en condición de vulnerabilidad social, con limitado nivel educativo y desocupación de larga duración, reconociendo el trabajo como actividad humana central que produce efectos sinérgicos en la órbita personal, familiar y social.
Spanish, PDF, 334kb
Financiera Confianza, entidad micro financiera privada, se propone brindar soluciones financieras a los más vulnerables, para contribuir a que mejoren su calidad de vida. Caso de estudio de la Summer School “Comunidad y desarrollo local en América Latina”, organizada por el Centro OCDE LEED para el Desarrollo Local (Italia).
Spanish, PDF, 334kb
Tierra de Risas es una Asociación Civil sin fines de lucro que busca contribuir a reducir las brechas sociales y condiciones de pobreza que azotan a diversas zonas del Perú. Caso de estudio de la Summer School “Comunidad y desarrollo local en América Latina”, organizada por el Centro OCDE LEED para el Desarrollo Local (Italia).