Publications & Documents


  • 28-April-2016

    English

    Migration in Ireland: challenges, opportunities and policies

    The Irish labour market is exceptionally open to international migration flows, thus making labour supply highly responsive to changes in cyclical conditions. Immigration provides the skills that the Irish economy needs.

  • 19-April-2016

    English

    Labour market transitions in Italy: job separation, re-employment and policy implications

    Italy’s low employment rate is associated with adverse labour market dynamics characterised differently across different categories of people.

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  • 19-April-2016

    English

    12th Annual Meeting: Creativity, jobs and local development (Venice, Italy)

    This year the Forum will focus on creativity, jobs and local development. We will examine how localities can support culture and creative industries as a source of knowledge and job creation and how the creative industry can act as a powerful driving force areas such as tourism, urban regeneration, and social inclusion.

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  • 19-April-2016

    English

    Employment situation, fourth quarter 2015, OECD

    OECD employment rate back to pre-crisis levels in fourth quarter of 2015

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Chile: better skills for inclusive growth

    Improving education and skills is the linchpin to reduce income inequality and boost productivity growth. This paper argues that to improve, and make better use of, the skills of the labour force, Chile could gain a lot from a comprehensive and consistent Skills Strategy along three pillars: developing, activating and using skills effectively.

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Bringing all Chileans on board

    The Chilean economy has had an extraordinary performance over the last decades with strong growth and declining poverty rates. This paper discusses how to achieve greater social inclusiveness against the background of weaker medium-term growth.

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Improving the pension system and the welfare of retirees in Israel

    Israel is a young country with still dynamic population growth, but it is already beginning to face the consequences of population ageing.

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2016

    OECD unemployment rate stable at 6.5% in February 2016

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Addressing the challenges in higher education in Norway

    Norway’s predominately public and tuition-fee free tertiary education system encourages participation and has high attainment rates. However, challenges in spending efficiency, study times, skills demand, inclusiveness and quality remain.

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  • 12-April-2016

    English

    Taxing Wages 2016

    This annual flagship publication provides details of taxes paid on wages in OECD countries.  It covers: personal income taxes and employee contributions paid by employees, social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers, and cash benefits received by in-work families. It illustrates how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and examines how they have an impact on household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings.
    The publication shows the amounts of taxes and social security contributions levied and cash benefits received for eight different family types, which vary by a combination of household composition and household type.  It also presents: the resulting average and marginal tax rates (that is, the tax burden); the average tax rates (showing the part of gross wage earnings or total labour costs taken in tax and social security contributions, both before and after cash benefits); and the marginal tax rates (showing the part of a small increase of gross earnings or total labour costs that is paid in these levies).

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