Publications & Documents


  • 21-November-2016

    English

    SME and Entrepreneurship Policy in Israel 2016

    This report examines Israel’s performance in stimulating SMEs and entrepreneurship and makes recommendations for government policy. A dual economy has gradually emerged in Israel, in which high rates of successful technology-based entrepreneurship contrast with low average productivity and growth in traditional SMEs. Israel has excellent framework conditions and programmes for technology-based start-ups and SMEs in areas such as R&D, high-level skills generation and venture capital finance. These strengths need to be maintained. At the same time, more needs to be done to spread success to all types of SMEs and all groups of the Israeli population. This report recommends a range of new and expanded interventions for example in access to credit, broad innovation, workforce skills development, management support and entrepreneurship education. It recommends underpinning these actions with a national SME and entrepreneurship policy strategy and new arrangements for inter-ministerial co-ordination.

  • 21-November-2016

    English

    Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2016

    This second edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines how national and local actors can better work together to support economic development and job creation at the local level. It sheds light on a continuum of issues – from how skills policy can better meet the needs of local communities to how local actors can better engage employers in apprenticeships and improve the implementation of SME and entrepreneurship policy. It includes international comparisons that allow local areas to take stock of how they are performing in the marketplace for skills and jobs. It also includes a set of country profiles featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of OECD sub-regions (TL3).

  • 21-November-2016

    English

    The gig economy will not abolish working 9 to 5

    We have always had plumbers, electricians, and lawyers who do temporary work, and are not paid by a household when they are idle. However, do new apps such as Uber or Deliveroo mean the end of the 9 to 5 job, and do these platforms need to be regulated?

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  • 20-November-2016

    English

    How do product market regulations affect workers? Evidence from the network industries

    Knowing who gains and loses from regulatory reform is important for understanding the political economy of reform. Using micro-level data from 26 countries, this paper studies how regulatory reform of network industries, a policy priority in many advanced economies, influences the labour market situation of workers in network industries.

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  • 17-November-2016

    English, PDF, 1,442kb

    The distribution of the growth dividends

    Widespread increases in inequality over the past three decades have raised the question of the distribution of the growth dividends.

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  • 17-November-2016

    English, PDF, 1,548kb

    The distributional impact of structural reforms

    In a majority of OECD countries, GDP growth over the past three decades has been associated with growing income disparities.

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  • 17-November-2016

    English

    The distribution of the growth dividends

    Widespread increases in inequality over the past three decades have raised the question of the distribution of the growth dividends.

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  • 17-November-2016

    English, PDF, 1,209kb

    Inequality in Denmark through the Looking Glass

    This paper delivers a broad assessment of income inequality in Denmark.

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  • 14-November-2016

    English

    Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2016

    OECD unemployment rate stable at 6.3% in September 2016

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  • 14-November-2016

    English

    Engaging Public Employees for a High-Performing Civil Service

    How can governments reduce workforce costs while ensuring civil servants remain engaged and productive? This report addresses this question, using evidence from the 2014 OECD Survey on Managing Budgeting Constraints: Implications for HRM and Employment in Central Public Administration. The results clearly illustrate the complex challenges facing civil services, such as how to reduce size and cost while still attracting and retaining high-calibre professional talent. The first part of this report shows that the pressure on central public administrations to reduce costs has required many OECD countries to make cuts that have likely resulted in negative impacts on the workforce regarding trust, motivation and commitment. Overall, 67% of countries surveyed have implemented a pay freeze since 2008. The second part explores how a number of OECD countries are using employee surveys as a leadership tool to better manage employee engagement, which is linked to better job performance, organisational commitment, productivity and public sector innovation. Employee engagement can be a powerful counter balance to austerity-driven measures.

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