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Explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters.
In response to high and persistent unemployment in many OECD countries in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the OECD undertook a major study of the factors underlying the deterioration of labour market performance
This conference was held in Glasgow on 5-6 June 2006 to discuss the findings of the expert study mission which took place in Glasgow last January. Participants included stakeholders, policymakers and politicians.
The LEED Programme of the OECD and its Trento Centre held a two day capacity building seminar focusing on how policy makers and practitioners can use evaluation to better design and deliver local development strategies. The event took place on 10-12 July, 2006 in Trento, Italy.
This workshop looked at local development assets and capacities in Northern Albania with a focus on the traditional handicraft sector, including skills development and the role of partnerships in the design, implementation and evaluation of local development strategies.
To ensure that people's needs are met, governments decentralise the way policies are designed and implemented. In the field of labour market policy, decentralisation is welcomed by a whole range of stakeholders....
Traditional welfare and employment policies have been unable to tackle the problems of high unemployment and exclusion in OECD countries and recently a wave of new approaches has emerged together with new political notions of welfare-to-work.
Policy evaluation poses conceptual, technical and institutional challenges, particularly in the case of local development. Data is often inadequate and multiple forms of policy can interact to obscure the effects of individual initiatives...
Innovation, skills, entrepreneurship and social cohesion are key drivers of growth, and essential goals of effective economic development strategies. Each has a strong governance component, which requires real partnership....
New forms of governance are emerging. Government, business and civil society are increasingly seeking ways to develop and pursue economic development strategies and solve socio-economic problems jointly.