Employment and unemployment in figures

 

Unemployment rate

Over 40 million unemployed in the OECD area, around 8 million more than before the crisis. 

Unemployment rate

 

Long-term unemployment rate

More than 1 in 3 of the unemployed have been out of work for a year or more, that is 13.3 million people, and the size of this group has increased by 55% since 2007.

long term Unemployment rate

 

Employment rate

Average OECD employment rate is 66.2%, but varies greatly among countries. 

Employment rate

 

Employment rate of low-skilled workers

Low-skilled workers cumulate low employment rates with poor outcomes in earnings quality, labour market security and working environment quality, while high-skilled workers have access to more jobs and the best quality jobs along all three dimensions. 

Employment rate of low-skilled

 

Employment rate of prime-age women

Prime-age men are more than 21% more likely to be engaged in work for pay and profit than prime-age women in the OECD area. But, there are large differences between countries.  

Employment rate of prime-age women

Employment rate of older people

At 58% on average in the OECD area, average employment rate of workers aged 55-64 is far below than that of prime-age workers.

Employment rate of older people

Migrant employment rate

64.7% of foreign born migrants are employed in OECD, compared to 67.7% for natives.

Migrant employment rate

 

NEET rates of youth

1 in 6 youth across OECD countries are neither in employment, education nor training, and around half of these are not actively looking for work.

80% of youth who are NEET (neither in employment, education nor training) hold at the best an upper secondary qualification.

NEET rates of youth

  

Earnings dispersion

On average in the OECD area, a full-time employee at the 90th percentile earns more than 3 times more than one at the 10th percentile.

Earnings dispersion

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Gender wage gap

Women earn significantly less than men:  - 15% less on average.

Gender wage gap

 

Poor quality workplaces - Workers experiencing job strain

A poor working environment can double the risk of work-related health problems. On average, 35% of all workers experience job strain at the workplace.

Poor quality workplaces - Workers experiencing job strain

  

Adults with poor literacy skills

On average, 15.5% of adults possess poor literacy skills. Participation in adult education is twice as high in Northern Europe as in Southern Europe. 

Adults with poor literacy skills

 

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