LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

LEED FLASH September 2010


Governments can boost innovation by supporting small firms and entrepreneurs

New business start-ups and innovative small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) act as agents of change in the economy, introducing new products and services as well as new and more efficient ways of working.What is different about innovation in the 21st Century and why has SME innovation become more important? What role do new and small firms play in today's innovation processes? How should they be supported by policy?

A new OECD report, SMEs, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, examines how governments can boost innovation by improving the business environment for entrepreneurship and SME innovation and increasing the skills and capabilities of entrepreneurs. and small firms to innovate.  

Jointly produced by LEED and the SMEs & Entrepreneurship Division, the report examines the innovation performance of new and small and medium-sized firms, the factors driving it forward and holding it back, and makes a series of policy recommendations.

Comprehensive internationally comparative data on SME performance, barriers to SME innovation and barriers to entrepreneurship is given for 40 countries, including OECD members and the big emerging economies such as China, India, Brazil, Russia and South Africa. All 210 tables and graphs in the report have OECD Stat Links and are fully downloadable as Excel tables.

The report presents an "Innovation Strategy for SMEs and Entrepreneurship" that emphasises four priority actions:

  1. Promote conducive entrepreneurship cultures and framework conditions.
  2. Embed new firms and SMEs in knowledge flows.
  3. Strengthen entrepreneurial human capital.
  4. Improve the environment for social entrepreneurship and social innovation.

Read more in SMEs, Entrepreneurship and Innovation



New report on green jobs and skills: Labour market implications of addressing climate change


The impacts of climate change - and especially the subsequent mitigation and adaptation policies - on labour markets are still largely unknown. This paper discusses some of the impacts of climate change including labour market regulation, the dynamics of green growth at the level of jobs and skills development, and the local implications for mitigation and enabling green growth.

Putting in place jobs that last


This guide to rebuilding quality employment at local level is now ready for dissemination.
Targetting both policy makers and practitioners, it provides concrete guidance on job creation in the post-crisis.
Soon to be released in French, Dutch and Romanian.






Measuring entrepreneurship and SME development at local level (Paris)

This workshop will review how local development organisations can measure the factors that impact on entrepreneurship and SME development. It will also examine which data are needed to shape policies. The third of four 2010 FIELD workshops, the FIELD project supports local development organisations in strengthening their information systems by providing customised guidance on data collection, analysis and use in policy making. Four cities / regions are already participating in 2010.



Conference on skills development in the post-crisis context: Developing an area-based approach (Tokyo)

Representatives from governments and employment agencies across Asia and the OECD will discuss how skills development can help governments and local communities rebalance growth, stimulate employment and economic development and build effective local partnerships.
More information on the "Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia" (ESSSA) initiative is available at the collaborative website https://community.oecd.org/community/esssa





Conference: From unemployment to self-employment (Berlin)

During an economic downturn and recovery, self-employment becomes an appealing option to a number of job-seekers faced with reduced opportunities to regain quickly employment elsewhere in the labour market.
The objective of the seminar will be to share and assess the experience of OECD countries, identify current and future challenges for policy and identify best practices.



Study visit: Partnerships & the green economy (Austria & Slovenia)

This study visit is organised for a select group of local development practitioners to review the green experience of the Austrian Province of Styria.
The study visit will provide opportunities to meet with both representatives from institutions responsible for green policies (e.g. entrepreneurial support, labour market and skills development, environmental, and regional development), and representatives from enterprises and project promoters.



 Capacity building seminar: Universities, skills and entrepreneurship (Trento, Italy)

Much can be learned from an international exchange of information about the rationales behind university entrepreneurship support and local partnerships to foster the birth and growth of new firms. The seminar will explore strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, examine what constitutes good practice in local entrepreneurship support and discuss potential pitfalls.



 Seminar: Better jobs for ethnic minority and immigrant youth (Paris)

Focussing on approaches to improving employment outcomes for ethnic minority and immigrant youth, this seminar will be chaired by international migration expert Professor Roger Waldinger (UCLA).



Measuring local development policy delivery (Paris)

The fourth & final seminar of the 2010 LEED FIELD project focuses on how to measure the delivery of local development policy. This workshop will review the innovative tools and methods used, as part of local information systems, by local development organisations.




Seminar: Green growth - An opportunity for local development and employment (Paris)

How do you adapt to the green economy? What programmes are there to support the creation of greener jobs? This seminar will analyse and discuss the role that local development actors have.



Conference: Economic inclusion, public policies, and local development (Quito, Ecuador)

This conference aims to share and exchange different models of economic inclusion and local development. Representatives from OECD and Latin American countries will come together to present their experiences and approaches.




10th International Entrepreneurship Forum, 9-11 Jan 2011 (Bahrain)

Celebrating a decade of innovation, the conference theme "Entrepreneurship and Society" goes right to the core of entrepreneurship and innovation – their special value in changing, shaping and creating society.
Paper abstracts must be submitted no later than 15 September 2010.


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