LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

6th Expert Meeting of Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia


"How to build effective strategies to reduce skills mismatches while fostering quality job creation and growth?"

17-18 September 2014

Bangkok, Thailand

1. Background 

ESSSA Initiative

In 2008, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme, together with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the ASEAN, launched an initiative on ‘Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia’ (ESSSA). This Initiative aims to help countries of the region design effective cross-cutting policies, to develop adequate governance mechanisms and to strengthen government capacities to implement effective local employment and skills development strategies. Key information is available from the following website: www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/employment/esssa.

ESSSA gathers policy makers, practitioners and researchers from both developed and emerging economies, including Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, the People’s Republic of China, Chinese Taipei, Mongolia, India, Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. ESSSA emphasizes that shifting from export-led growth towards greater reliance on domestic and regional sources of demand will be critical to sustain economic prosperity in Southeast Asia. Local governments can play a key role in this transition by:

  • Improving policy coherence between national and local levels of government.
  • Implementing active labour market policies (e.g., through better equipped public employment services and more effective training for the unemployed).
  • Harnessing infrastructure development and the transition to a low carbon economy to create new jobs.
  • Promoting a sustainable business environment for micro, small and medium sized enterprises.
  • Establishing stronger social protection systems.

The 6th Expert Meeting

It is a considerable challenge to ensure that training and education systems across the Southeast Asian countries provide the skills that are needed in the labour market. In many countries there is a bias towards university education, while many of the good jobs of the future will be found in trades and more technical areas of specialization. Often there is poor signaling between the private sector and the education system, and this hampers rational decision-making by individuals. Education and training systems are also rigid and take time to adjust to emerging needs. A lack of coordination between the many actors involved in training and education often play a role in the poor performance of skills systems.

As a result, many countries experience skills shortages at the same time as unemployment and underemployment. Skills shortages can affect economic potential through their adverse effect on productivity growth. Mismatch on the labour market particularly harms young people, whose perception of poor career prospects can translate into a lack of motivation in employment and undermine their efforts in active job search. The upshot is sub-optimal allocation of human capital and public resources.

Tackling skills mismatch is largely a governance issue. As the new OECD Skills Strategy has made clear, there is no ‘right’ proportion of certain education qualifications in specific occupations. What is ‘right’ depends on a range of context-specific factors, the structure and skills needs of the local economy, and the economy’s overall aspirations. It is important for communities to focus investment on areas in which they will have a comparative advantage, so that more opportunities of good job creation arise country-wide. Government, together with education and training institutions, need to partner with employers and workers to promote “flexible specialization” – concentrating on certain sectors, but evolving these in response to local needs. They need to establish suitable governance mechanisms, build strong intelligence bases leading to shared diagnostics, and introduce sound signaling systems between industry and education.


This expert meeting of the ESSSA initiative will provide a unique opportunity to share international experience in addressing the issue of skills mismatch as a way to contribute to more inclusive growth and good quality job creation across Southeast Asian countries. It will be hosted by Thailand, which provides an ideal platform for such discussion. Thailand has been deploying efforts to diversify its economy to help create more employment and upgrade the labour force. Yet mismatch between job-seekers expectations, job opportunities and the skills requirements of employers have meant that unemployment remain an issue especially for youth.


The objectives of the conference will be to:

  • share experience on policies and practices on tackling mismatch as a way to foster convergence and inclusive growth;
  • identify ways to reduce skills shortages;
  • discuss ways to develop skills in rural areas;
  • facilitate transition in informal firms through skills development; and
  • identify mechanisms that can improve the governance of training and education systems.

See here the agenda (forthcoming)

2. Venue& Location

Century Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand

Address: 9 Ratchaprarop Road, Pratunam-Victory Monument, Bangkok 10400 Thailand

Tel:  +66 2 246 7800, +66 2 640 0630

Fax: +66 2 246 7197, +66 2 246 4583

Website: www.centuryparkhotel.com

Email: info@centuryparkhotel.com


3. Registration


Each participant is requested to fill out the Registration Form and send it to the Ms. Pornrawee Nakpipat
(E-mail: phaaprae@gmail.com)
at the Secretariat together with a copy of passport  no later than 14thAugust 2014.

4. Travel& Accommodations Arrangement

Travel Arrangement

Self-funded participants are required to arrive at the Grand Mercure Fortune Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand, on
Tuesday 16th September 2014 and depart on Friday 18th September 2014.


Self-funded participants are encouraged to stay at the Century Park Hotel with corporate prices. The meeting secretariat will assist in booking by forwarding booking details to the hotel. Once the reservation is made, participants will receive the confirmation email and payment information.


5. Passports, Visas and Health Insurances

All representatives should ensure, prior to departure from their home country, that they have all the necessary documents including a valid passport and necessary visas (if required) to enable them to enter and remain in Thailand and also to all countries through which they will pass. The cost of passport, visas, and health insurance cannot be met by DSD.


6. Arrival & Getting to the Hotel

Upon arrival at Suvarnabhumi International Airport, transportation to the hotel can be arranged in several ways:

  • Airport Taxi: Contact the taxi registration booth located in front of Gates 5, 7 and 8 on Level 1. There is taxi-meter queue service for the arriving passengers. The taxi-metre will charge according to the mileage-metre + THB 50 as a surcharge.
  • Public Taxi: Passengers who prefer to take public taxi should present their boarding passes to enable them taking the airport shuttle bus which will bring them to the Public Transport Centre where public buses and taxis are available.
  • Limousine: Counter service of Avis, Hertz and Budget are located on Level 2, Gate 6 area.


7. Currency Exchange

The local currency for Thailand is “Thai Baht”. Currency exchange can be done upon arrival at the airport or at the hotel reception counter. The bank rate exchange varies on a daily basis, current rate is about US$1/Baht 32.34 (as of 2nd December 2013)


8. Distribution of Information Material

Participants are required to send presentation materials or relevant documents for circulation (if any) to the secretariat via email (see contact details below), by 5th January 2014 at the latest.

Equipment for presentation such as a laptop computer with Microsoft Office application and a LCD projector are available. Additional equipment may be also provided upon prior request.

The final report consisting of summary and conclusion will be distributed to the participants.


9. Contact

Meeting Secretariat

Ms. Palaporn Ratanaparichon

International Cooperation Division
Department of Skill Development,
Ministry of Labour
Mitrmaitri Road, Din Daeng,
Bangkok 10400 Thailand

Tel/Fax: +66 (2) 245 1829
Mobile: +66 (86)787 7108
E-mail: pilairat_r@hotmail.com

Ms. Pornrawee Nakpipat
Foreign Relations Officer

International Cooperation Division
Department of Skill Development,
Ministry of Labour
Mitrmaitri Road, Din Daeng,
Bangkok 10400 Thailand

Tel/Fax: +66 (2) 245 1829
Mobile: +66 (86)787 7108
E-mail: phaaprae@gmail.com

Jonathan Barr, OECD Policy Analyst, Manager of the ESSSA Initiative, email : jonathan.barr@oecd.org

More information on the ESSSA Initiative here

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe