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Israel’s education system produces many tertiary graduates but there are wide gaps across society and core skills at secondary school are weak.
Despite some best-practice policies, challenges remain in raising employment and lowering poverty, particularly among Arab-Israeli and Ultra-orthodox households.
The Swiss education system performs well in many important dimensions. Remaining challenges include raising education outcomes of children with modest socio-economic background. Removing barriers to higher tertiary attainment could also help raise productivity.
Individual elements in the Belgian tax system affect the growth process through different channels and to a varying degree.
Human capital has traditionally been a strong point for the Danish economy, boosting income levels and the economy’s capacity to adjust, but there is room for improvement. Key education policy issues that need attention comprise learning outcomes and completion rates.
Labour productivity decelerated due to a slowdown in capital deepening related to the trend increase in employment. Policies in the areas of research and development, innovation, entrepreneurship, product market regulation and taxation could raise productivity growth.
The Irish labour market is undergoing a severe adjustment following the sharp fall in output, which has been concentrated on labour intensive sectors.
This paper examines the effect of economic crises on structural unemployment using an Autoregressive Distributed Lags model and accounting for the role of institutional settings.
While Mexico’s growth performance has gradually improved over the past decades, its convergence toward OECD countries has been less rapid than in several other emerging markets.
Despite progress over the past two decades Mexico’s health and education indicators remain well below the average of the OECD and some of its Latin American emerging market peers.