High-Level Policy Forum on the New OECD Jobs Strategy
Ministers AND STATE SECRETARIES
Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Germany
Andrea Nahles is Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs and Member of the German Parliament for the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). She started her political career as Federal Chair of the Young Socialists in 1995, joined the German Bundestag in 1998 and was General Secretary of the SPD from 2009 to 2013. From 2002 to 2005, she worked for the German Industrial Union of Metalworkers (IG Metall).
Secretary-General of the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD-OCDE)
Angel Gurría is the Secretary-General of the OECD since June 2006. As OECD Secretary-General, he has reinforced the OECD's role as a ‘hub” for global dialogue and debate on economic policy issues while pursuing internal modernisation and reform. Mr. Gurría is a Mexican national and came to the OECD following a distinguished career in public service in his country, including positions as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance and Public Credit in the 1990s. Mr. Gurría holds a B.A. degree in Economics from UNAM (Mexico) and a M.A. degree in Economics from Leeds University (United Kingdom). He is married and has three children.
Alternate Minister for Combatting Unemployment, Greece
Rania Antonopoulos is Alternate Minister of Labour, Greece, since January 2015. Prior to her current post, she was the macroeconomic advisor of the United Nations Organization for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN – Women). Over the last 15 years, she has served as adviser and consultant to the United Nations Development Programme and the International Labour Office, Professor of economics at New York University and director of the Gender Equality and the Economy Programme of the Levy Economics Institute. Ms. Antonopoulou received her PhD degree in Economics from the New School for Social Research.
Federal Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour, Canada
Patricia Hajdu was elected as Member of Parliament for Thunder Bay-Superior North in 2015. She was appointed to cabinet by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and served as Minister of Status of Women from November 2015 until January 2017, when she was appointed as Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour. Minister Hajdu previously worked in public health and focused on drug policy, youth development and homelessness. Prior to her election, she ran the largest homeless shelter in North-western Ontario.
Deputy Secretary, Department of Employment, Government of Australia
Martin took up the role of Deputy Secretary, Employment, in August 2014 after holding a Deputy Secretary role in the Department of Education and the former Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations since 2012. Prior to this he was Director-General of the Community Services Directorate, ACT Government.
Martin has held a number of senior positions in other ACT Government agencies. He has played a key role in a number of Ministerial Advisory Councils and supported Ministers at Ministerial Council meetings covering Housing, Community and Disability Services, Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs and Employment, Education, Early Childhood, Training and Youth Affairs.
State Secretary of Labour and Social Affairs, Norway
Christl Kvam is one of two state secretaries at the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social affairs. She used to work as county governor of Oppland and she has been the president of the union Akademikerne. She holds an MSc degree in Economics from the Norwegian School of Economics in addition to being trained as a nurse. She is a member of the conservative party.
Vice Minister of the Ministry for Employment and Social Security, Spain
Pedro Llorente is the current Vice Minister of the Spanish Ministry for Employment and Social Security. Since November 2011 he is part of the senior team leading the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Social Security. As a close collaborator of Minister Báñez he has actively participated in many of the structural reforms carried out in the Ministry, namely the 2012 Spanish Labour Market Reform. Prior to his current position, Mr LLorente was held several positions in the Spanish Ministry of Defence where he was Director General for Infrastructures and a distinct member of the team responsible for the professionalization of the Spanish Armed Forces. He was previously chief of Staff of the Undersecretary in the Spanish Finance and Treasury Ministry where he worked in the accession of Spain to the Euro. Prior to this, he served as head of unit in the Spanish Treasury Department.
Mr LLorente has a degree in Law from the University of Valladolid and is a civil servant pertaining to the body of the Civil State Administrators. He is married and has four children.
Alfonso Navarrete Prida
Secretary of Labour and Social Welfare, Mexico
Alfonso Navarrete has a degree in Law and a Master’s degree in Criminal Law. He has held different government positions, amog them: Undersecretary for the Interior; General Director for Legal Affairs in the Secretariat of Health; Deputy General Attorney for Criminal Procedures for the General Attorney Office; and Undersecretary of Public Safety and General Attorney of the State of Mexico. He was member of the Federal Congress representing the State of Mexico from 2009 to 2012. Since December 1, 2012 he has been the Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare of Mexico. He was honored with the Gran Cruz de la Orden al Mérito Civil de la Corona Española, granted by HM the King of Spain, Felipe VI, in 2014. Likewise, in his person, the member countries of the Organization of American States (OAS) attending the XIX Inter-American Conference of Ministers of Labor (IACML) elected Mexico, by acclamation and unanimity, for the Pro Tempore Presidency of the XIX Conference of Ministers of Labor.
State Secretary of Labour, Social Affairs and Family, Slovak Republic
Branislav Ondruš is State Secretary of the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic since 2012. After graduating from the university in 1996 Branislav Ondruš worked as a news presenter, economic editor and commentator in TV Markíza. In February 2002 he started working as a news presenter in TV JOJ. He also worked in the Slovo weekly magazine. In 2010 Branislav Ondruš was elected as an MP in the Slovak National Council. He worked as a deputy chairman of the Social Affairs Committee of the Slovak National Council and as a member of the European Affairs Committee of the Slovak National Council.
State Secretary of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Slovenia
After completing his university degree in law, Slovenian State Secretary Pogačar began his professional career at the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs (MDDSZ). In 2004, he took up the job of advisor to the Pension and Disability Fund Management, and later became the manager of the Pension Insurance Department. From 2009 to 2015, Peter was Director-General of the Directorate for Employment Relationships and Rights Deriving from Employment and was appointed as State Secretary at the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities in 2015. He regularly lectures on the pension system and labour market, and has co-authored several books and articles about pension and labour market legislation.
Vice-Minister of Social Security and Labour, Lithuania
Vice-Minister of Social Security and Labour Eglė Radišauskienė supervises the activities of Labour Department, Social Insurance and Pensions Department and Equality Between Women and Men Division. She completed her Bachelor degree in English Language and Literature and obtained two Master's degrees in Law with a Focus on Labour, Civil, Penal, Administrative and International Law from Vytautas Magnus University. Before becoming Vice–Minister in 2016, she held various positions within the same Ministry, including Chief Specialist of Legal Division, Head of Labour Law Division, Deputy Director of Labour Department and later Director of Labour Department. Vice-Minister Radišauskienė was head of the project for creation and consolidation of the new Lithuanian Social Model which aims to increase the competitiveness of the labour market.
Minister of Welfare, Latvia
Minister Reirs has joined the Latvian Parliament in 2002, he chaired the Parliamentary Budget and Finance Committee in 2010-14 and held different government positions including Minister of Information Society in 2004-06 and Minister of Finance in 2014-16. In 2016 he was appointed to his current position as Minister of Welfare. Minister Reirs has been active in the Baltic Assembly, he has held the position of President of the Baltic Assembly, Head of the Latvian delegation and Presidium Member of the Baltic Assembly. He was one of the founders of the political party Jaunais laiks (New Era in 2002), which in 2010 merged into the centre-right political party Unity(member of the European People's Party). Prior to joining the Latvian Parliament, Minister Reirs chaired the board of JSC Spodrïba, a Latvian producer of detergents and maintenance products, and prior to that he was a partner at Prudentia, one of Latvia’s largest investment banks.
Secretary for Labour, Argentina
Ezequiel Sabor is the Secretary of Labour in Argentina. He graduated in Public Accounting and got a master in Economics and Political Science at ESEADE in Buenos Aires. He was Professor in Finance in the Faculty of Economics of the Universidad Católica Argentina (U.C.A.). Previously, he served as Undersecretary of Labor, Industry and Commerce of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires between 2011 and 2015. He was Chief of Staff of the General Directorate of Inspection of Works and Cadastre, Head of Cabinet of the General Direction of Property Administration and Director General of the General Directorate of Concessions. He is member of the board of Propuesta Republicana (PRO), a member of the Pensar Foundation and a former member of the San Lorenzo de Almagro Club Board of Directors.
Minister of Labour, Employment, Social Economy and Economic Solidarity, Luxembourg
Before Nicolas Schmit was appointed Minister of Labour Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy in 2013, he was Minister of Labour, Employment and Immigration in 2009 and Minister Delegate for Foreign Affairs and Immigration from 2004. Minister Schmit held other political posts including secretary of the LSAP parliamentary group and member of the Council of State. He also held various posts within the Ministry of foreign Affairs and was Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the European Union for Luxembourg between 1998 to 2004. Nicolas Schmit obtained a master of arts degree from Aix-en-Provence, a DEA (post-graduate diploma of advanced studies) in international relations and was also awarded a doctorate in economics from the Aix-Marseille University.
Walloon Minister of Employment and training, Belgium
Walloon Minister Tilleux started her political career as a member of the provincial legislature in 2000, then as a Regional Deputy, a Municipal Councillor and since 2009, as a Minister. She obtained a master's degree in management from the Solvay School, and worked previously to her political career at the European Standards Committee and then at the Walloon Water Company in the recovery department.
José António Vieira da Silva
Minister of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security, Portugal
José António Vieira da Silva is an economist and Minister of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security of the XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal since November 2015. Previously, between 2011 and 2015, he was Member of Parliament and president of the ad hoc Committee for the monitoring of the financial assistance programme to Portugal. During this period he was also Visiting Professor at Instituto Superior do Trabalho e da Empresa (ISCTE-IUL). Between 2005 and 2011 he took on the positions of Minister of Economy, Innovation and Development and Minister of Labour and Social Security of the XVII and XVIII Constitutional Governments, respectively. He was also Secretary of State of Social Security between 1999 and 2001, and Secretary of State for Public Works between 2001 and 2002.
State Secretary, Ministry of Employment, Sweden
Irene Wennemo is State Secretary to Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson, and responsible for issues concerning labour law and work environment, unemployment insurance and international issues. After obtaining her PhD in sociology from Stockholm University she worked as an Political Advisor at the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the Prime Minister’s Office. Between 1997 and 2002 she worked as an investigator at the LO and was Head of Department of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO) from 2002 to 2010. She has also been a leader writer for Aftonbladet, one of the larger Nordic daily newspapers.
Ali Aslan is an international TV presenter and journalist who has worked for global news networks such as CNN, ABC News and Channel News Asia. He has hosted the internationally acclaimed talk show „Quadriga“ on Deutsche Welle TV and is a frequent moderator of major conferences across the globe. Aslan holds an M.A. in Journalism and a Master of International Affairs from Columbia University. He received his B.A. in International Politics from Georgetown University.
Jason Furman is a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington DC. Previously he has been the chair of the Council of Economic Advisers to the US President from 2013 to 2017 and Deputy Director at the White House National Economic Council. In this role, he was one of the architects of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Prior to this, Furman held a variety of public policy and research posts and authored numerous articles in scholarly journals.
- J. Furman and J. Stiglitz (1998), “Economic Consequences of Income Inequality”, Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, pages 221-263.
- D. Elmendorf and J. Furman (2008), “If, When, How: A Primer on Fiscal Stimulus”, The Hamilton Project Strategy Paper.
- J. Furman and P. Orszag (2015), “A Firm-Level Perspective on the Role of Rents in the Rise in Inequality.” Presentation at Columbia University’s “A Just Society” Centennial Event in Honor of Joseph Stiglitz, New York, NY, October 16, 2015.
- J. Furman (2017), The Role of Economists in Economic Policymaking, Prepared Remarks for the Arnold C. Harberger Distinguished Lecture on Economic Development, UCLA Burkle Center for International Relations, Los Angeles, CA.
See the full list of publications:
Lisa Lynch is Provost of Brandeis University and the Maurice B. Hexter Professor of Social and Economic Policy. Her research examines the impact of technological change and organizational innovation on productivity and wages. Lynch was chief economist at the U.S. Department of Labour (1995-1997); director and chair of the board of directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston (2004-2009); and president of the Labour and Employment Relations Association (2013-2014). A former faculty member at Tufts University, MIT, OSU, and Bristol University, she earned her BA at Wellesley College, and MS and PhD at the London School of Economics.
- L. Lynch (2012), "The Evolving Nature of High Performance Workplace Practices in the United States", Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms, vol. 13, pages 211-239.
- L. Lynch (2007), "The Adoption and Diffusion of Organizational Innovation: Evidence for the U.S. Economy", NBER working paper 13156.
- S. Black and L. Lynch (2004), “What's Driving the New Economy?: The Benefits of Workplace Innovation”, The Economic Journal, 114, pages 97-116.
- S. Black and L. Lynch (2001), “How to Compete: The Impact of Workplace Practices and Information Technology on Productivity”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 83, pages 434-445.
- L. Lynch (1996), “Human Capital Investments and Productivity", American Economic Review, vol. 86, pages 263-67.
- See the full list of publications
Alan Manning is a professor at the London School of Economics and Chair of the UK Migration Advisory Committee. He has worked extensively on many issues related to labour markets in general, but he is particularly known for his work on imperfect competition (monopsony) and minimum wages, and he was among the first researchers to highlight the increasing polarisation in the labour market. Alan Manning thinks that we should not unduly fear the impact of new technology on the labour market, but the impacts will be nevertheless sizeable and therefore active policy responses are needed to ensure the benefits are shared fairly.
- A. Manning (2004), “We can work it out: the impact of technological change on the demand for low-skill workers”, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, vol. 51, pages 581-608
- A. Manning and M. Goos, “Lousy and lovely jobs: the rising polarization of work in Britain”, Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 89, pages 118-133
- A. Manning, M. Goos and A. Salomons (2009), “Job polarization in Europe", American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, vol. 99, pages 58-63.
- A. Manning, M. Goos and A. Salomons (2017), “Explaining Job Polarization: Routine-Biased Technological Change and Offshoring”, American Economic Review, forthcoming
- See the full list of publications
Sir Stephen John Nickell is a British economist currently Honorary Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford having been the Warden of the College. He has been a Professor at the London School of Economics and Oxford, but also a member of the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) from 2000 to 2006. He is one of the most distinguished labour economists and his book with Richard Layard and Richard Jackman “Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market” is a great classic in labour economics.
- S. Nickell (1982), "Wages and Unemployment: A General Framework," Economic Journal, vol. 92(365), pages 51-55.
- R. Layard, S. Nickell and R. Jackman (1991), Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market, Oxford University Press.
- S. Nickell (1997) "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74.
- S. Nickell (2003) "Labour Market Institutions and Unemployment in OECD Countries," CESifo DICE Report, vol. 1(2), pages 13-26.
- See the full list of publications
Henrik Bach Mortensen
Executive Director, Confederation of Danish Employers
Henrik Bach Mortensen has been an executive director of the Confederation of Danish Employers since 2000 where he has held responsibility for political activities related to general labour market issues and education. He has also represented Danish employers in three partite negotiations on employment reform, vocational education and lifelong learning. Since 2005 he has contributed to Business at OECD (BIAC) activities at the OECD on education, employment, economic policy and employment, labour market and social affairs issues as a Vice Chair to the BIAC Employment (ELSA) and Economic Policy committees. Henrik Bach Mortensen is Chairman of the Danish Institute for Parties and Democracy (DIPD) established by the Danish Parliament and Vice President of ALDE, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats in Europe. He holds an MA in Economics from Copenhagen University and an M.Phil in Economics from Cambridge University, UK.
Vice President, Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA)
Graduated in Business Management in 1981 from the University Saarbrücken, Germany, and earned his conferral of a doctorate in 1985. He began his career at Raschig AG, Ludwigshafen, Germany, where he worked as Assistant to the Executive Board. In 1988 he joined the Karl Otto Braun KG (KOB) in Wolfstein, Germany, as Managing Partner. From 1990 to 2013 he was CEO of the KOB Group. Since 2002 he is President of the Regional Industry federation in Rhineland-Palatinate (LVU), since 2007 Vice President of the Confederation of German Employers’ Associations (BDA) as well as Chairman of the BDA/BDI Committee Education | Vocational Training and since 2014 Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation of German Business (sdw) and the BDA/ BDI/HRK Committee University/Business.
John Evans is General Secretary of the Trade Union Advisory Committee - TUAC to the OECD since 1985 and Chief Economist of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) since 2012. Since its creation, he has been heading the Labour20 (L20) as part of the G20 process jointly with the ITUC. He worked as an economist in the Economic Department at the Trade Union Congress in London, with the International Federation of Commercial, Clerical and Technical Employees (now UNI Global Union) and the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI). He is currently a member of the Comité Médicis at the Amundi Group, the Conseil d'Orientation, IDDRI and the Council of Ruskin College, Oxford, as well as of several World Economic Forum Global Agenda Councils on Employment.
Head of Employment Department DGB
Since 2016, he is the head of the labour market policy department at the Confederation of German Trade Unions (DGB) . He got a university diploma in social work with a focus on community work, professional experience in various social projects with unemployed and active in local politics. In 1985 he started working DGB as an instructor for youth education. In 1987 he became DGB county chairman for the region Emsland and Grafschaft Bentheim, Lower Saxony. In 1995 he became head of the labour market policy division of the executive board of the DGB with a focus on precarious and atypical labour conditions as well as the integration and social security of unemployed.
General Secretary of UNI Global Union
Philip Jennings has been General Secretary of UNI Global Union since its creation on 1 January 2000. UNI Global Union represents the service sector and counts 20 million members in 150 nations and 900 unions. Philip was instrumental in ensuring that the labour movement achieved a seat at the G20 table with the establishment of the Labour 20 (L20), which is now an integral part of the G20. Previously, Philip worked for the National Union of Bank Employees, the International Federation of Employees (FIET) and he chaired the Commission on the Future of the Irish Trade Union Movement. He graduated from Bristol Polytechnic with a business studies degree, followed by a M.Sc. in Industrial Relations from the London School of Economics. He is married with two children and lives in Cheserex, Switzerland.
European Trade Union Institute
Maria Jepsen holds a PhD in economics from the Free University of Brussels (ULB). She is currently the Director of the research department at the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) and associate professor in labour economics at the ULB. Before joining the ETUI as a senior researcher in 2001, she worked as assistant professor and research fellow at the ULB from 1996-2001. Maria Jepsen is a former member of Belgian Higher Level Council on Employment. Maria Jepsen’s main research interest is in gender studies and comparative studies of the impact of welfare states on labour supply, wages and working conditions.
Head of Human Resources and Social Affairs, TRUMPF
Since April 2017 he is the head of human resources and social affairs at TRUMPF GmbH + Co. KG in Ditzingen. He is a trained banker and studied business administration and has worked in HR and personnel development in several companies. Recently he has been the head of the HypoVereinsbank in Munich and Managing Director at PAWLIK Consultants GmbH in Hamburg. He takes a keen interest in education policies: he is the author of the book The Bologna Revolution, a member of the BdA's College of Economics, and was active in numerous university committees. As a co-founder of the HR Allianz and the Zukunftsallianz Arbeit und Gesellschaft he is actively shaping the future of work.
Phil O’Reilly is Director of Iron Duke Partners, a Wellington based Public Policy Advisory Firm. He is Chair of the Board of the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD and a member of the Governing Body of the International Labour Organisation. He is a Board Member, or Advisor to a number of New Zealand and Global Organisations. He was previously Chief Executive of BusinessNZ, New Zealand’s leading business advocacy group, representing thousands of businesses of all sizes.
Senior Economist, Jobs and Income Division, OECD
Alexander Hijzen is a senior economist at the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) and a regular contributor to the OECD Employment Outlook. He is currently working as one of the lead economists on the revision of the OECD Jobs Strategy. From 2015 to 2016, he was a Visiting Scholar in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund where he contributed to the IMF World Economic Outlook. Prior to joining the OECD, he has worked as a post-doctoral fellow for the Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy (GEP) at the University of Nottingham. His research has been published in international academic journals such as the Economic Journal, European Economic Review and Journal of Human Resources. Alexander holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Nottingham and is of Dutch citizenship.
Director of the Policy Studies Branch of the Economics Department , OECD
Dr Christian Kastrop has held the post of Director of the Policy Studies Branch of the Economics Department of the since 2014. He was formerly Deputy-Director General of Economics and Strategy and Director of Public Finance, Macroeconomics and Research Directorate and subsequently the International and European Union Directorates.
He studied Economics, Psychology, Philosophy at the Universities of Cologne and Harvard and received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Cologne. From 2008 to 2010 he served as Chairman of the Economic Policy Committee of European Finance Ministers (ECOFIN-EPC) and of the EPC-Eurogroup in Brussels.
Head of the Skills and Employability Division, OECD
Mark Keese is the Head of the Skills and Employability Division in the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs at the OECD. He is responsible for the OECD’s work on analysing labour market issues and for developing employment and training policies that help member and non-member countries promote more and better jobs. He is also contributing to the G20’s work on employment issues. Mr. Keese has been at the OECD since 1985 and worked on both macro‑economic and labour market issues. He was a member of the taskforce that developed the OECD Jobs Strategy and was closely involved in the development of the PIAAC survey of adult skills. He was responsible for the OECD’s 2002-2006 review of ageing and employment policies in 21 countries which led to the report on Live Longer, Work Longer, and is currently in charge of the follow-up review on this topic. His published works include articles on labour markets in transition countries, earnings inequality, minimum wages, and ageing and employment policies.
Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD
Stefano Scarpetta is Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs at the OECD since 2013. As director of ELS, he is responsible for the design and the implementation of the medium-term strategy of the Organisation on labour market and social policy issues as well as international migration and health issues. He represents the OECD in High-Level fora and academic conferences; liaise with key senior stakeholders and provide effective communication with the media. As a member of the Senior Management team of the Organisation, he also contributes to support and advance the strategic orientations of the OECD. Previously, he held several positions in the Economics Department and in his current Directorate. From 2002 to 2006 he also worked at the World Bank, where he took over the responsibility of labour market advisor and lead economist. He has published extensively in academic journals, edited several books. Mr. Scarpetta holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales (EHESS), Département et Laboratoire d’Economie Théorique Appliquée (DELTA) in Paris and a Master of Science in Economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science.