Employment policies and data

Employment database - Employment indicators

 

 

key charts on Employment

icon-employedall employment indicators

► Employment rate, by gender and detailed age group (annual)    

Persons in employment divided by the population

 
► Employment rate, by gender and broad age group (quarterly, monthly)    

Persons in employment divided by the population

► Employment rate by education level (annual)    
Employment rates of people according to their education level
Employment, by gender and detailed age group (annual)    
Persons in employment  
► Employment by activity (annual)    

Persons in employment by main activity (national concept data). Data are taken from the annual national accounts.
→  See more details on the annual national account data.

 
Employment by activity (quarterly)    
Persons in employment by industry (domestic concept data). Data are taken from the quarterly national accounts.
→ See more details on the quarterly national account data
 
► Labour force (annual, quarterly, monthly)    
The labour force, or currently active population, comprises all persons employed or unemployed.
► Labour force by gender and detailed age group (annual)    
The labour force, or currently active population, comprises all persons employed or unemployed.  
► Labour force participation rate by gender and detailed age group (annual)    
Persons in the labour force divided by the population.  
► Temporary employment (annual)    

Total employment is broken down by type of work contract (in the main job), temporary versus permanent contract.
→ Read the country-specific definitions in Table 3 of the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries

   

  • Incidence of temporary employment  in total employment.

  • Temporary employment.

 

► Part-time employment (annual)

   
   • Incidence of full-time and part-time employment based on a common definition of part-time work, less than 30-usual weekly hours of work in the main job.
   • Part-time employment based on a common definition of part-time work, less than 30-usual weekly hours of work in the main job.  
   • Incidence of full-time and part-time employment based on national definitions of part-time.  
   • Part-time employment based on national definitions of part-time.  
► Involuntary part-time workers (annual)    

Involuntary part-time workers are part-timers (working less than 30-usual hours per week) because they could not find a full-time job. (note: definitions are not harmonised, which hampers cross-county comparisons).
→ Read the country-specific definitions in Table 4 of the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries

 
► Economic short-time workers (annual)    

Economic short-time workers comprise workers who are working less than usual due to business slack, plant stoppage, or technical reasons (note: definitions are not harmonised, which hampers cross-county comparisons). 
→ Read the country-specific definitions in Table 4 of the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries

 
Working time (annual)    

Employment is broken down by hour bands of usual weekly hours worked in the main job (1-19 hours, 20-29 hours, 30-34 hours, 35-39 hours, 40 hours or more).

   
   • Employment by hour bands of usual weekly hours as a percentage of total employment.  
   • Employment by hour bands of usual weekly hours.  
   • Average number of hours usually worked per week per person in employment.
 
 ► Annual hours worked (annual)    

 Average annual hours actually worked per person in employment. The concept used is the total number of hours worked over the year divided by the average number of people in employment. Part-time workers are covered as well as full-time workers. National estimates are based on the best available sources.

The data are intended for comparisons of trends over time; they are unsuitable for comparisons of level of average annual hours of work for a given year, because of differences in their sources.
→ Read the country specific notes for data on annual hours worked
→ Read the note on international comparabilty of OECD measure of annual hours worked

 ► Job tenure (annual)    
  • Employment broken down by job tenure intervals.  
  • Average job duration by job tenure intervals.  


>>  Sources and definitions

Most of the indicators above are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.  Differences across countries in questionnaire wording and design, survey timing, the age groups covered and other reasons mean that care is required in interpreting cross-country differences in levels.  For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries 

 

Find other data on employment and labour issues 

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> Data on unemployment

Icon-earnings

> Data on earnings and wages

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> Data on labour market policies and institutions

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> Data on skills and work

‌‌icon-job-quality

> Data on job quality

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