Employment policies and data

Collective bargaining



In all OECD and accession countries, workers and employers can associate to express their interests and concerns and negotiate the terms and conditions of employment. This process of collective representation, negotiation and decision making is a key labour market institution and  a fundamental principle and right at work as well as a key pillar of social dialogue at national level. However, since the 1980s, this process of collective representation and negotiation has faced a series of major challenges resulting from,  technological and organisational changes, policy reforms, globalisation, the decline of the manufacturing sector, new forms of work and population ageing.

Building on a rich set of survey and administrative data and using detailed information collected through new OECD policy questionnaires that were addressed to Labour Ministries and social partners, this webpage provides an updated and comprehensive picture of collective bargaining systems and their different building blocks.

See flyer: Trade unions, employer organisations, and collective bargaining in OECD countries

latest publications and events


data on collective bargaining



Data can be accessed using the OECD data warehouse OECD.stat

>> For information on other labour market policies and instutions in OECD countries see the OECD Employment Database


key concepts

collective bargaining BY COUNTRY 


the building blocks of collective bargaining

key publications


other puBlications




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