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It is a real pleasure to be back in Brasilia to launch “Investing in Youth: Brazil”. One of Brazil’s greatest assets is its relatively young population. But you can reap a demographic dividend only if the environment is right for harnessing the potential and the talents of the young generation.
The OECD area employment rate was 65.1% in the second quarter of 2013, 0.1 percentage point higher than in the previous quarter. This was still 1.4 percentage points below the level recorded in the second quarter of 2008, the quarter preceding the start of the global financial crisis.
There is no simple remedy for fixing the post-crisis global economy. But three key ingredients for sustainable long-term growth are jobs, equality and trust, said OECD Secretary-General in Washington.
The OECD unemployment rate stood at 7.9% in August 2013, unchanged from the previous month. Across the OECD area, 47.8 million persons were unemployed in August 2013.
The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.
This first OECD Skills Outlook presents the initial results of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIACC), which evaluates the skills of adults in 22 OECD member countries and two partner countries. The survey was designed to provide insights into the availability of some key skills and how they are used at work and at home through the direct assessment of key information processing skills
Endorsing the OECD’s Action Plan for Youth at the OECD’s annual Ministerial Meeting in Paris in May 2013, ministers underlined the need to focus attention on the most disadvantaged youth.
Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries fell 0.2% in the second quarter of 2013 as labour productivity growth (0.4%) outpaced a rise in labour compensation (0.2%).
The NZ labour market is among the most flexible in the OECD, and outcomes for its young people have been among the best. However, labour-market opportunities are heavily determined by initial education, where New Zealand’s system is also successful and innovative in many ways.
OECD Newsletter on Employment, Migration, Health and Social Affairs - Autumn 2014