This publication explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters. What are the key factors for cluster success? What problems are emerging on the horizon? Which is the appropriate role of the public sector in supporting the expansion of clusters and overcoming the obstacles?
The book addresses these and other issues, analysing seven internationally reputed clusters in depth: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom, and Madison, Wisconsin, in the United States. For each cluster, it looks at the factors that have contributed to its growth, the impact of the cluster on local entrepreneurship performance, and the challenges faced for further expansion. It also puts forward a set of policy recommendations geared to the broader context of cluster development.
This publication is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners and academics wishing to obtain good practices in cluster development and guidance on how to enhance the economic impact of clusters.
Unemployment in OECD countries will continue to rise well into 2010, with the average unemployment rate approaching 10%, up from 7.8% in April, according to new OECD projections.
Governments must urgently adapt their labour market policies to help their most vulnerable citizens in the economic crisis.
Young people are likely to be hit hard by rising unemployment as the global downturn continues.
Can 2009 bring a ray of light to lift the gloom and end the severest financial and economic crisis in decades? The OECD is working with the world’s governments and international organisations to stop recent market and policy failures from happening again.
Babies and Bosses: obwohl Deutschland im OECD-Vergleich einen großen Anteil seiner Wirtschaftsleistung in die Unterstützung von Familien und Kindern investiert, leben hierzulande mehr Kinder in wirtschaftlich prekären Verhältnissen als in den meisten anderen OECD-Ländern. Ein wichtiger Grund dafür ist, dass der Staat in Deutschland für Kinder zwar vergleichsweise großzügige finanzielle Zuschüsse gewährt, aber nur in geringem Umfang
Active Labour Market Policies to help unemployed people back to work include job placement services, unemployment benefits, and labour market programmes such as training and job creation.