By Date


  • 20-October-2011

    English

    Globalisation, Comparative Advantage and the Changing Dynamics of Trade

    The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result.  Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping the lessons for future policy development. The comparative advantage hypothesis has been suggested as one of the principal explanations of international trade and of the benefits associated with openness. It has also provided the intellectual underpinnings for most trade policy in the past 50 years. This book collects OECD work that builds on recent contributions to the theory and empirics of comparative advantage, putting particular emphasis on the role policy can play in shaping trade.

  • 12-October-2011

    English

    Taxation and Employment

    This publication examines the effects of taxation on employment, highlights the resulting policy challenges, and discusses the ways governments endeavour to address these challenges.  Chapter 1 provides a broad overview of the effects of taxation on employment, examining how taxes on labour income can affect both the size of the labour force and the level of unemployment, and highlighting key areas of concern for tax policy makers.  This analysis is then augmented in chapters 2-4 by the more detailed analysis of the effects of taxation on the employment of three groups where empirical research suggests that responses of labour supply to taxation may be relatively large: low-income workers, mobile highly-skilled workers, and older workers.  As well as highlighting key areas of concern for tax policy makers, the report places a particular focus on the different measures that have been adopted by countries to attempt to overcome these problems, discussing, where possible, the main design features, and the advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches that have been adopted.

  • 10-October-2011

    English

    Addressing the social impact of the crisis

    Urgent action must be taken by the governments to tackle high unemployment and growing inequality. Good-quality social policies, particularly those addressed to the most vulnerable, should be seen as sound investments to promote economic growth and well-being, according to Angel Gurría.

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  • 5-October-2011

    English

    Building more and better jobs

    LEED's mission is to contribute to the creation of more and better jobs through effective policy implementation, innovative practices, stronger capacities and integrated strategies at a local level.

  • 5-October-2011

    English

    OECD Debate at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

    Tackling the employment challenge and the rise in inequality, the most urgent issues for policy-makers, could be achieved within the current public budgets by using more in-work benefits, or improving equal access and quality of education and training said Angel Gurría.

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  • 27-September-2011

    English

    G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting (26/09/2011)

    Policies that promote job creation, better job opportunities and well-functioning social safety nets are crucial for helping the many who are still struggling to find jobs. These policies are not just spending items in a strained public budget. They are a vital social investment for the future, to help move our economies onto a path of sustainable economic growth and well-being.

  • 19-September-2011

    English

    Good job?

    Joining the world of work has been a rite of passage for centuries. But what does working life in the 21st century look like – and what are the social and economic consequences of a world where, for millions, no job and no immediate prospect of one marks the transition to adulthood?

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  • 15-September-2011

    English

    Launch of the OECD Employment Outlook 2011

    The challenges of tackling high and persistent unemployment, especially for the young people, improving job opportunities and ensuring adequate social safety nets should be at the top of the political agenda, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

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  • 29-July-2011

    English

    Off to a good start? Jobs for Youth

    This report makes an important contribution to a new agenda of youth-friendly employment policies and practices. It analyses the situation of youth employment and unemployment in the context of the jobs crisis and identifies successful policy measures in OECD countries.

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  • 28-July-2011

    English

    Employment database

    Our on-line database brings together data and indicators constructed to support the analyses presented in various editions of the OECD Employment Outlook as well as selected short-term indicators.

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