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Unemployment rose substantially in the Slovak Republic as a result of the crisis and has only declined slowly since reaching a peak of 14.8% of the labour force in early 2010. At 13.3% in August 2014, the unemployment rate remains one of the highest among developed countries and is twice as high as the OECD average.
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Switzerland has high employment rates and low unemployment. The overall employment rate remained stable since the start of the crisis and stands at 79% (first quarter of 2014), the second highest in the OECD after Iceland, well above the OECD average of 65.6%. As for unemployment, among OECD countries only Japan, Korea, and Norway have lower unemployment rates.
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Despite moderate signs of recovery across many OECD countries in 2014, the unemployment rate in Greece remains stuck at close to its highest level since the onset of the economic crisis (27.2% as of May 2014). OECD projections suggest that the expected joblessness rate in Greece will remain high (around 27%) through to the end of 2015.
Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.
Tackling the epidemic of unemployment and underemployment that OECD countries have been facing since the first years of the crisis has been one of the top priorities at the OECD. In recent years, real wages have grown slowly, or even declined, bringing further hardship. Better policies for more and better jobs are needed.
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected labour market, social policy and migration studies prepared for use within the OECD.
This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.
Un mensaje claro que resulta de este Foro es que, a pesar de algunos signos de mejora, seguimos teniendo una enorme tarea por delante. Nuestras últimas proyecciones estiman que la tasa de desempleo para el conjunto de la OCDE caerá de 7,7% a finales de 2013 a 7,1% a finales de 2015.
OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014
This report examines recent activation policies in the United Kingdom aimed at moving people back into work. It offers insight into how countries can improve the effectiveness of their employment services and also control spending on benefits. The United Kingdom's policies have helped limit the rise in unemployment during the crisis. It has been at the forefront of reform efforts by OECD countries to transform and modernise policies designed to help the unemployed find work, through major new programmes such as Universal Credit and the Work Programme. Although time is needed for these to gain momentum as well as for a full evaluation of their impact to be carried out, the report identifies a number of areas where consideration should be given to additional measures or adjustments to existing ones.