OECD Home › Employment › By Date
По мнению ОЭСР Российской Федерации, необходимо стимулировать процесс модернизации экономики для обеспечения долгосрочного развития страны и решения проблем, связанных с неравномерным распределением доходов.
This book examines to which extent economic globalisation, skill-biased technological progress and institutional and regulatory reforms have had an impact on the distribution of earnings.
The economic outlook has weakened significantly over the past six months, which is not good news for employment or the prospects of those looking for work. Policy action targeted on youth and the long-term unemployed can, and must, be taken.
The jobs crisis has three particularly worrying aspects. First, the risk of unemployment becoming entrenched is more and more real in a number of G20 countries. Second, the crisis impacts disproportionately on youth. Finally, growing inequality threatens to affect social cohesion and the living standards of vulnerable families and individuals. To deal with these threats, job creation must be restarted quickly, accompanied by stronger
Urgent action must be taken by the governments to tackle high unemployment and growing inequality. Good-quality social policies, particularly those addressed to the most vulnerable, should be seen as sound investments to promote economic growth and well-being, according to Angel Gurría.
Tackling the employment challenge and the rise in inequality, the most urgent issues for policy-makers, could be achieved within the current public budgets by using more in-work benefits, or improving equal access and quality of education and training said Angel Gurría.
Policies that promote job creation, better job opportunities and well-functioning social safety nets are crucial for helping the many who are still struggling to find jobs. These policies are not just spending items in a strained public budget. They are a vital social investment for the future, to help move our economies onto a path of sustainable economic growth and well-being.
Joining the world of work has been a rite of passage for centuries. But what does working life in the 21st century look like – and what are the social and economic consequences of a world where, for millions, no job and no immediate prospect of one marks the transition to adulthood?
The challenges of tackling high and persistent unemployment, especially for the young people, improving job opportunities and ensuring adequate social safety nets should be at the top of the political agenda, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
This report makes an important contribution to a new agenda of youth-friendly employment policies and practices. It analyses the situation of youth employment and unemployment in the context of the jobs crisis and identifies successful policy measures in OECD countries.