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Under the Universal Credit reform, the main means-tested benefits except the Council Tax Benefit will be pooled into one single benefit with one single taper rate. The reform will give people better incentives to work, reduce complexity and contribute to reducing poverty.
Employment has risen by more and unemployment has risen less than expected, given the path of output. Nevertheless, long-term and youth unemployment and involuntary part-time work are high. A polarised labour market risks worsening income inequality, which is high by OECD standards, despite a recent and likely temporary decline.
The London Apprenticeship Campaign was launched in 2010 to boost the number of apprentices in London. It was developed as part of an ongoing policy focus to tackle long-standing skill shortfalls in the city, shortages which have been constraining employment, social opportunity and productivity.
These country notes profile public sector human resource practices and policies, covering issues including legal frameworks; age and gender composition of workers; public sector restructuring; management practices; industrial relations and reforms.
The UK economy is gradually emerging from the recession and rebalancing away from overreliance on debt–finance and government spending towards more investment and exports. A wide ranging programme of fiscal consolidation and structural reforms aims at ensuring a sustainable and balanced recovery
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The UK economy has been broadly flat over the past two years. Employment has risen slightly, while the unemployment rate has stayed close to 8%. Projections in the 2012 OECD Employment Outlook foresee some increase in the unemployment rate that could even reach 9% in 2013.
The OECD, in collaboration with the ILO, has prepared a series of reports to support the Ministers’ discussions at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial meeting in Guadalajara on 17-18 May, 2012.
Youth unemployment was 21.9% in the UK in March 2012, the second highest rate of G8 countries after Italy. This is close to its 20-year peak of 22.4% at the end of 2011.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Despite significant increases in spending on child care and education during the last decade, PISA scores suggest that educational performance remains static, uneven and strongly related to parents’ income and background.