OECD Home › Employment › By Country › Spain
Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.
This report provides an initial evaluation of the comprehensive reform of the Spanish labour market undertaken in 2012. The report was commissioned to the OECD by the Spanish government and it complements the evaluation of the 2012 labour market reform undertaken by the Labour Ministry (Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social (MEySS)) and presented in September 2013.
Two rounds of the Survey of Adult Skills are under way: Round 1 (2008-13) with 24 participating countries, whose results were released in October 2013, and Round 2 (2012-16) with 9 participating countries, whose results will be released in 2016. A third round is scheduled to begin in May 2014.
Briefing notes for the 2013 Edition of the OECD Employment Outlook
The unemployment rate among young people has reached painfully high levels, in particular among those young people with low levels of education.
This paper provides both descriptive and empirical evidence about the main youth labour market problems in Spain. Using the experiences of other EU economies as a benchmark, we document the performance of Spain as regards a wide set of youth labour market dimensions.
These country notes profile public sector human resource practices and policies, covering issues including legal frameworks; age and gender composition of workers; public sector restructuring; management practices; industrial relations and reforms.
English, PDF, 506kb
High levels of unemployment are set to continue in Spain. The harmonised unemployment rate in Spain is the second highest in the OECD area (26.9% in May 2013), only exceeded by Greece (27%) and well above the OECD average (8%).
English, PDF, 126kb
Despite some decline in the number of registered unemployed in June, high levels of unemployment in Spain are set to persist in the short-run, given its weak economic growth prospects.
The OECD, in collaboration with the ILO, has prepared a series of reports to support the Ministers’ discussions at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial meeting in Guadalajara on 17-18 May, 2012.