G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial, Paris 26-27 September 2011
This paper tests the hypothesis that, by giving people more voice in the government decision-making process, fiscal decentralisation fosters social capital, measured in terms of interpersonal trust.
The conference aims to address the links between labour market outcomes and inequality in emerging economies and to consider which labour market and social policies can help governments in alleviating poverty and in promoting more inclusive societies.
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This note presents main issues on the role of growth and employment/unemployment developments in explaining recent income inequality trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, and discusses the roles played by labour market and social policies in shaping and addressing these inequalities.
Greater integration into the world economy and important policy reforms have resulted in Brazil, China, India and South Africa becoming major actors in the globalisation process, with impressive results in terms of economic growth, social development and poverty reduction. But the benefits of stronger growth have not always been shared equally and income inequality has remained at very high levels.
Brazil has recently delivered remarkable performance in economic, social and financial terms. However, Brazil still needs to address longer-term challenges to continue to bolster the economy’s growth potential and close the gap in living standards in relation to the OECD area at a faster pace.
This paper uses the OECD’s Going for Growth framework, as well as other available evidence linking policies to economic performance, to identify key structural policy challenges in the BIICS for the years ahead.
This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.
OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS)and OECD Development Centre (DEV) Joint SeminarEmployment and Inequality Outcomes:New Evidence, Links and Policy Responses in Brazil, China and IndiaOECD Conference Centre, Paris, FranceWednesday, 8 April 2009
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.