Presentation of the project
The OECD has carried out country studies on the labour market integration of immigrants and their children (the second generation). In most countries under review, the factors affecting the labour market integration of immigrants and their children have been the object of extensive research. These include, among others, knowledge of the host-country language; familiarity with institutions and work and labour market practices; duration of stay in the host country; qualifications and their recognition; recourse to family or friends; initial labour market experience; discrimination, etc. The relative importance of each of these factors will vary according to immigrant characteristics and circumstances, national institutions and policies and labour market conditions. In some cases, governmental and non-governmental programmes and policies, properly designed, can enhance the facilitating factors and help offset those that impede integration.
Aim of the project:
Naturalisation: A passport for the Better Integration of Immigrants?
This publication reproduces the papers presented at an OECD/European Commission seminar on the links between the acquisition of the host-country nationality and immigrants’ integration into the economy and society. Read more
Equal opportunities? The labour market integration of the children of immigrants (2010)
The integration of the children of immigrants - both those born in the host country (the "second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country - is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This group is entering the labour market in ever larger numbers, and their outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for successful integration policy. The labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area where comparative international knowledge is gradually evolving, but still underdeveloped. Recent work by the OECD has shown that the children of immigrants tend to have lower employment outcomes than the children of natives in most countries. These technical seminar proceedings shed light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and discuss policy answers and good practices. The seminar was organised jointly by the the EU Commission and the OECD in Brussels on 1-2 October 2009. Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the online edition via Source OCDE, our online library. Non-subscribers can purchase the PDF e-book and/or paper copy via our online Library.
Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 2), 2008
Labour Market Integration in Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal. Read more
Les migrants et l'emploi (Vol. 1), 2007
Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden. Les migrants et l'emploi (Vol. 1)
Each of these volumes presents reviews of the labour market integration of immigrants and their children in four OECD countries and provides country-specific recommendations. It also contains a synthesis report.
Seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-Economic Integration of Immigrants and their Children (Brussels, 14-15 October 2010)
The Seminar was jointly organised by the European Commission and the OECD under the Belgian Presidency of the European Union. Participants included policy makers, representatives of EU and OECD countries, leading experts in the field of citizenship law and on the impact of naturalisation on socio-economic outcomes, and representatives of the social partners and the civil society. Closing remarks by John P. Martin, Director of the Directorate for Employment, labour and Social Affairs et OECD.
Seminar on Integration on the Labour Market of the Children of Immigrants (Brussels, 1-2 October 2009)
The labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area where comparative international knowledge is gradually evolving but still underdeveloped. Recent work by the OECD and the EU Commission has shown that the children of immigrants tend to have lower employment outcomes than the children of natives in most countries. This is partly due to their lower educational attainment, but a substantial gap remains even when education levels are comparable. To shed more light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and to discuss possible policy solutions between researchers and policy makers, a joint technical seminar of the EU Commission and the OECD gathered leading international experts and delegates from EU and OECD countries. Read more
The seminar was jointly organised by the Portuguese Authorities (High Commission for Immigration and Ethnic Minorities, ACIME) and the OECD. Read more