Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs

The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants and their Children

 

Presentation of the project Publications

Download country studies Seminars

 

Presentation of the project

 

The OECD has carried out country studies on the labour market integration of immigrants and their children (the second generation). In most countries under review, the factors affecting the labour market integration of immigrants and their children have been the object of extensive research. These include, among others, knowledge of the host-country language; familiarity with institutions and work and labour market practices; duration of stay in the host country; qualifications and their recognition; recourse to family or friends; initial labour market experience; discrimination, etc. The relative importance of each of these factors will vary according to immigrant characteristics and circumstances, national institutions and policies and labour market conditions. In some cases, governmental and non-governmental programmes and policies, properly designed, can enhance the facilitating factors and help offset those that impede integration.

Aim of the project:

  • examine what is being done, at national, regional and local level;
  • determine if programmes and policies in place are effective, in the light of the observed outcomes;
  • identify where policy efforts should be directed to best further the goal of labour market integration (language training, recognition of qualifications, job-search assistance, early labour market entry, etc);
  • identify best practices in each country, with a view to their adaptation and adoption between the countries, to improve and innovate current policies.

 

Publications

 

Naturalisation: A passport for the Better Integration of Immigrants?

 

This publication reproduces the papers presented at an OECD/European Commission seminar on the links between the acquisition of the host-country nationality and immigrants’ integration into the economy and society. Read more

 

Equal opportunities? The labour market integration of the children of immigrants (2010)

 

The integration of the children of immigrants - both those born in the host country (the "second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country - is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This group is entering the labour market in ever larger numbers, and their outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for successful integration policy. The labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area where comparative international knowledge is gradually evolving, but still underdeveloped. Recent work by the OECD has shown that the children of immigrants tend to have lower employment outcomes than the children of natives in most countries. These technical seminar proceedings shed light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and discuss policy answers and good practices. The seminar was organised jointly by the the EU Commission and the OECD in Brussels on 1-2 October 2009. Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the online edition via Source OCDE, our online library. Non-subscribers can purchase the PDF e-book and/or paper copy via our online Library.

 

Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 2), 2008

Labour Market Integration in Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal. Read more

 

Les migrants et l'emploi (Vol. 1), 2007

Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden. Les migrants et l'emploi (Vol. 1)

 

Each of these volumes presents reviews of the labour market integration of immigrants and their children in four OECD countries and provides country-specific recommendations. It also contains a synthesis report.

 

Country Studies

 

 Australia   Belgium

  France

 Netherlands

 Portugal

 Switzerland

 Austria

  Denmark

 Germany

 Norway

 Sweden  

 

Seminars

 

Seminar on Naturalisation and the Socio-Economic Integration of Immigrants and their Children (Brussels, 14-15 October 2010)

 

The Seminar was jointly organised by the European Commission and the OECD under the Belgian Presidency of the European Union. Participants included policy makers, representatives of EU and OECD countries, leading experts in the field of citizenship law and on the impact of naturalisation on socio-economic outcomes, and representatives of the social partners and the civil society. Closing remarks by John P. Martin, Director of the Directorate for Employment, labour and Social Affairs et OECD.

 

Seminar on Integration on the Labour Market of the Children of Immigrants (Brussels, 1-2 October 2009)

 

The labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area where comparative international knowledge is gradually evolving but still underdeveloped. Recent work by the OECD and the EU Commission has shown that the children of immigrants tend to have lower employment outcomes than the children of natives in most countries. This is partly due to their lower educational attainment, but a substantial gap remains even when education levels are comparable. To shed more light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and to discuss possible policy solutions between researchers and policy makers, a joint technical seminar of the EU Commission and the OECD gathered leading international experts and delegates from EU and OECD countries. Read more

 

Seminar on the Labour Market Integration of Immigrants (Lisbon, 15 June 2007)

 

The seminar was jointly organised by the Portuguese Authorities (High Commission for Immigration and Ethnic Minorities, ACIME) and the OECD. Read more

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Topics list