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|Social Expenditure Database (SOCX)
The OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) has been developed in order to serve a growing need for indicators of social policy. It includes reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at programme level as well as net social spending indicators. SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure and analysing changes in its composition. It covers 34 OECD countries for the period 1980-2011 and estimates for 2012-2014.
November 2014: Social Expenditure Update - 8-page report (.pdf)
Social spending is falling in some countries, but in many others it remains at historically high levels - Insights from the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)
See also background information:
- all figures from above SOCX data update 2014 ( in one .xls file)
- net social expenditure indicators: country data 2001-2011 (.pdf), net social spending data (Table.xls)
- Sources and methods on estimates for 2012-2014 (.pdf)
See data for all countries/years from aggregated SOCX data (link below).
Public social expenditure as a percent of GDP, 2007, peak-level after 2007, and 2014
SOCX 1980-2011-2014 contains 3 datasets
- Aggregated data (public and private social spending data in various units)
- Reference series (GDP, NNI, governement spending, PPPs, population, etc.)
(more reference series i.e. population, employment, unemployment, etc. can be found via OECD Social Indicators)
- Detailed data by social programme
via OECD.Stat for OECD/OLIS users
via OECD iLibrary for other public
Default views in OECD.Stat are as follows:
- years 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010 and 2011
(data for intervening years are also available by changing the time period selection)
- all countries are selected for aggregated and reference series datasets
Default selections can be modified by double-clicking on appropriate variable and selecting appropriate item(s).
- all variables can be moved by drag & drop in headers/columns/lines as in a pivot-table
- meta-data information are available by clicking on "i" next to specific variable/item
- any table can be exported into Excel / text file by clicking on appropriate top-right icon
- datasets in French available by clicking on "version française" at top-right of screen
Click here if you wish to be informed when the SOCX database is updated.
For comments and questions please email firstname.lastname@example.org
See Part II. (p.88) OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 124, October 2011: “Is the European welfare state really more expensive? Indicators on social spending, 1980-2012 and a manual to the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)"
Related documents and data
OECD social policy statistics portal