Pension systems

OECD Reviews of Pension Systems: Portugal

In series:OECD Reviews of Pension Systemsview more titles

Published on March 20, 2019

This review provides policy recommendations on how to improve the Portuguese pension system, building on the OECD’s best practices in pension design. It details the Portuguese pension system and identifies its strengths and weaknesses based on cross-country comparisons. The Portuguese pension system consists of an old-age safety net, a pay-as-you-go defined benefit scheme and voluntary private savings. The safety net includes an old-age social pension and a complement (the so-called Complemento Solidário para Idosos or CSI), both of which pursue similar objectives but have different eligibility criteria. The defined benefit scheme has two main components: the general social security scheme (regime geral da Segurança Social) and the civil-servant pension scheme (Caixa Geral de Aposentações or CGA). The latter has been closed to new entrants since 2006 with new civil servants contributing to the general scheme. Funded voluntary pensions make up a very small share of total pension entitlements. The OECD Reviews of Pension Systems: Portugal is the fourth in the series, after Ireland (2014), Mexico (2016) and Latvia (2018), with a fifth review on Peru under preparation.  


Executive summary
Introduction to the Review of the Portuguese pension system
First layer of social protection in old age
Earnings-related mandatory pensions
Voluntary funded pension arrangements
Labour market developments and pensions
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This report has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union.

Press release: 

Presentation of the report [PDF]



Other OECD Pension Policy Notes and Reviews 

OECD Pensions at a Glance

OECD Pensions Outlook