International migration policies and data

International Migration Day, Tuesday 18 December

 

In advance of International Migration Day on Tuesday 18 December, explore this new OECD website on the integration of immigrants. If you click on the “Key information by country” button, you get a dropdown list of all OECD countries and for each, data and information on how a country compares to others in indicators ranging from housing and education to employment and income. The “More information by country and indicator” opens an Excel file with all the data.

 

 

 Recent OECD reports on migration have highlighted a number of emerging trends:

  • A rapid increase in high-skilled migration. A third of recent immigrants (those arrived in the past 5 years) are tertiary educated and on average immigrants in OECD countries are more qualified than the native born. For some countries such as Ecuador, Malawi, Afghanistan and Bulgaria, the number of highly-educated emigrants to OECD countries has doubled over the past decade. In total, about 26 million immigrants in OECD countries hold a university degree and about one million a PhD. Furthermore, currently there are nearly 3 million international students enrolled in OECD countries; over a quarter of them are either from India or China.
  • Growing number of migrant women, who migrate for employment, especially highly qualified women. Nearly 4 million women with higher education degrees settled in OECD countries between 2001 and 2006, 1.7 million of whom came from less-developed countries. In recent flows, the proportion of skilled migrants is in fact higher for women than for men (33% versus 31%).
  • A diversification of migration movements both in terms of destination and origin countries. Within Europe, because of the great recession, the resurgence of South-North movements as well as increasing returns.
  • A sharp rise in the number of native-born children of immigrants (15 years old and above). With over 48 million in all OECD countries, 19 million of them have parents born in countries outside the OECD area. Mexico has over 8 million descendents of immigrants living in OECD countries; the figure exceeds 1 million for descendents of immigrants from Turkey, India, Algeria, the Philippines and Morocco.

These changes impose the need for an efficient and responsive migration management system (International Migration Outlook 2012), as well as effective integration policies to improve labour market outcomes of immigrants and their children (Settling in. OECD indicators of immigrant integration 2012) but also to develop policies to better harness the skills of diasporas to foster development in their countries of origin (Connecting with emigrants. A global profile of the diasporas, 2012).

 

For comment or further information, journalists should contact Jean-Christophe Dumont (tel. + 33 1 45 24 92 43) or Theodora Xenogiani (+ 33 1 45 24 17 85) of the OECD’s Migration Division.

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Topics list