The ratio of health expenditure to GDP, which in macroeconomic terms is an indicator which summarises the financing needs of a national health system, is likely to rise in countries for which the GDP falls. This paper reviews the possible implications of the recessions for this ratio.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
The integration of the children of immigrants – both those born in the host country (the "second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country – is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This technical seminar proceedings sheds light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and discusses policy answers and good practices.
In 2008, the OECD launched a survey to collect information on the health systems characteristics of member countries. This paper presents the informaton provided by 29 of these countries in 2009.
Angel Gurría provides an overview of labour market conditions in OECD countries and explains why large fiscal deficits complicate the policy options even further. He also describes what governments should do to promote a job-rich recovery that benefits all workforce groups, including the most vulnerable.
The meeting intends to bring together policymakers, researchers, and other experts who can contribute state-of-the-art evidence and experience to frame the issues surrounding increasing labour market inclusion for individuals with a mental health-related disability.
This paper is based on evidence from the countries which have seen their health systems reviewed by the OECD in recent years. It considers four issues in particular, these being the ones used across all the different reform areas covered by the Making Reform Happen project
OECD has launched a series of reports in 16 countries including Greece. Each report contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work.
This report analyzes current labour market outcomes of Arab-Israelis by various socio-demographic characteristics. It also examines quality of employment indicators such as type of occupation and income from work, and indicators of job satisfaction...
English, Excel, 604kb
Because the international migration of doctors and nurses has become increasingly visible, it is often seen as the main culprit behind these shortages.