This report on the recent Australian experience with activation policies contains valuable lessons for other countries that need to improve the effectiveness of employment services and control benefit expenditure. It provides overview and assessment of labour market policies in Australia including the main institutions, benefit system, training programmes, employment incentives, and disability employment assistance.
Australia is unique among OECD countries in that its mainstream employment services are all delivered by over 100 for-profit and non-profit providers competing in a “quasi-market”, with their operations financed by service fees, employment outcome payments, and a special fund for measures that tackle jobseekers’ barriers to employment. In most other OECD countries, these services are delivered by the Public Employment Service. In the mid 2000s, several benefits previously paid without a job-search requirement were closed or reformed, bringing more people into the effective labour force.
Australia now has one of the highest employment rates in the OECD and this report concludes that its activation system deserves some of the credit for this relatively good performance. The Job Services Australia model, introduced in 2009, reinforced the focus on employment outcomes for highly-disadvantaged groups. This report assesses the latest model for activation and puts forward some recommendations to improve its effectiveness.
Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.
This publication highlights how immigrants and their children are integrating into OECD societies, judging their progress against key indicators.
OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.
Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.
English, PDF, 63kb
This seminar is being held to launch the publication of the OECD report "Settling in: OECD Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2012". This publication presents the first international comparison across OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children in the area of economic and social integration.
English, PDF, 274kb
Background paper for the OECD Expert workshop on improving health expenditure forecasting.
English, PDF, 717kb
Updated, refined and extended projections of public spending on health and long-term care for OECD countries and the BRIICS suggest a rapidly rising trend over the next 50 years.
English, PDF, 66kb
Detailed agenda for the meeting "Informing Policy Makers About Future Health Spending: OECD Expert Workshop on Improving Health Expenditure Forecasting Methods", which took place on 30 November 2012 in Paris.
Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.