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How can governments ensure that migration and free movement of workers contribute to meeting the labour market shortages that are expected to arise over the next 50 years? How can societies better use the skills of their migrants? What lessons can non-European OECD countries offer Europe, particularly regarding labour migration management? “Matching economic migration with labour market needs” addresses these questions.
English, PDF, 1,508kb
This policy brief is a result of a joint European Commission and OECD research project over three years on Matching Economic Migration with Labour Market Needs.
English, PDF, 180kb
The unemployment rate in Brazil continues its downward trend, despite a slowdown in GDP growth. At 4.9% (for urban areas), Brazil’s unemployment rate is considerably below the OECD average of 7.4%.
English, PDF, 164kb
New Zealand was hit hard by the crisis but the economy has gained momentum and the labour market is improving. The employment rate has risen steadily in the past two years and has reached its historical pre-crisis high. Consequently, unemployment has fallen.
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The unemployment rate in Indonesia continues to trend downwards. At 5.7% in Q1 2014, Indonesia’s unemployment rate is considerably below the levels observed in 2007 (above 9%). It is also now well below the OECD average of 7.4%.
English, PDF, 160kb
The South African labour market continues to perform poorly compared to OECD and other G20 countries, and the global financial crisis appears to have worsened the situation.
English, PDF, 156kb
During the global economic crisis, China’s unemployment rate (in urban areas) remained almost unchanged despite the slowdown in the real economy. The unemployment rate peaked at 4.3% in 2009, only 0.3 percentage points above the pre-crisis level, while the real GDP growth rate fell from 14.2% in 2007 to 9.2% in 2009.
English, PDF, 162kb
India’s economic growth has slowed since 2010 in the aftermath of the global crisis, but growth is expected to pick up according to the May 2014 projections of the OECD Economic Outlook. The unemployment rate was 3.6% in 2012 in India, lower than in 2006 (4.4%) before the onset of the global financial crisis.
Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.
The 2014 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook reviews recent labour market trends and short-term prospects in OECD and key emerging economies. It zooms in on how the crisis has affected earnings, provides country comparisons of job quality, examines the causes and consequences of non-regular employment, and estimates the impact of qualifications and skills on labour market outcomes.