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Whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market is an important criterion for an optimal currency area. The migration reaction to high labour market disparities is of interest particularly within the Eurozone, which lacks an exchange-rate mechanism. This paper compares pre- and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States.
This publication compiles the material developed and discussed at a conference on the economic impact of emigration jointly organised by the OECD and the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 17 December 2012.
This report provides an initial evaluation of the comprehensive reform of the Spanish labour market undertaken in 2012. The report was commissioned to the OECD by the Spanish government and it complements the evaluation of the 2012 labour market reform undertaken by the Labour Ministry (Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social (MEySS)) and presented in September 2013.
The conference is jointly organised by the OECD, the French research center in international economics (CEPII) and its Club, the research team Equippe of the University of Lille, the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti, the University of Luxemburg and IRES (Université Catholique de Louvain).
OECD Ministers agreed to take a comprehensive range of measures as set out in the OECD Action Plan for Youth, with two main objectives. The first objective is to tackle the current situation of high youth unemployment and underemployment. The second objective is to produce better outcomes for youth in the longer run
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Nearly half of Korean seniors live in relative income poverty. This is the highest old-age poverty rate in the OECD countries and nearly four times the OECD average. The old-age dependency ratio in Korea will increase by over 350% in the next 50 years. This is the highest increase among the OECD countries and will leave Korea as the oldest society by 2062...
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Old-age poverty is relatively low and publicly-provided services contribute substantially to maintain adequate living standards of the elderly.Pension replacement rates for future retirees are among the lowest in the OECD, so additional private savings will be necessary to fill the retirement savings gap...
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Financial sustainability has been the main concern behind the pension reforms enacted in Greece in the last three years. Retirement-income adequacy may be an important concern for future retirees but working longer may help to make income more adequate...
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Income poverty rates in old-age are relatively low in Canada but have increased over time. Public transfers contribute less to the incomes of the over 65s than capital...
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Highlights for Belgium from Pensions at a Glance which is a comprehensive examination of pension systems in OECD and selected non-OECD countries looking at recent trends in retirement and working at older ages, evolving life expectancy, design of pension systems, pension entitlements, and private pensions.