Labour market integration in Italy
Labour market integration in Austria, Norway and Switzerland
Labour market integration in Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal
Labour market integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden
Each of these volumes presents reviews of the labour market integration of immigrants and their children in four OECD countries and provides country-specific recommendations. It also contains a synthesis report.
History of immigration
An overview of migration into the host country over the past decades, its particularities relative to other countries, the nature of the migration regime, the relative magnitude of the different types of migration.
Presentation of the key actors and overview of programmes aimed at facilitating the integration of immigrants into the labour market
Targeted programmes that address special immigrant needs, as well as regular programmes aimed at the general population, adapted for immigrants. The programmes and initiatives reviewed are those which prepare, orient or introduce the immigrant to the labour market.
Local initiatives or practices of special interest to identify particular areas or initiatives where there has been a significant positive impact on integration into the labour market of recent immigrants relative to the “average” national performance.
Diagnostic of the current situation in international comparison
Presentation of empirical results from the literature and analysis of country-specific data in international comparison, giving the current situation with respect to integration into the labour market and the relative strength of the various factors affecting the integration process with a particular focus on groups who appear to have problems (recent arrivals, low skilled migrants, immigrant women…). Outcomes of second generation (young native-born with foreign background) are presented when data is available for identification of this group.
For some countries, a longitudinal analysis of immigrant and second generation integration into the labour market has been possible. In this respect, some important factors for labour market integration have been highlighted, among which the initial labour market experience seems to be crucial.
Each review ends with a series of recommendations of best practices and suggested improvements and innovations for future integration policies.