ISBN: 978-92-64084865 (PDF)
Obesity has risen to the top of the public health policy agenda worldwide. Before 1980, rates were generally well below 10%. They have since doubled or tripled in many countries, and in almost half of the OECD, 50% or more of the population is overweight. A key risk factor for numerous chronic diseases, obesity is a major public health concern.
Underlying data and charts for all the graphics in the media briefs are also available in Excel
Chapter 1. Introduction: Obesity and the Economics of Prevention
• Obesity: The extent of the problem
• Obesity, health and longevity
• The economic costs of obesity
• The implications for social welfare and the role of prevention
• What economic analyses can contribute
• The book’s main conclusions
• Overview of the remaining chapters
• Special Focus I. Promoting Health and Fighting Chronic Diseases: What Impact on the Economy? (by Marc Suhrcke)
Chapter 2. Obesity: Past and Projected Future Trends
• Obesity in the OECD and beyond
• Measuring obesity
• Historical trends in height, weight and obesity
• Cohort patterns in overweight and obesity
• Projections of obesity rates up to 2020
Chapter 3. The Social Dimensions of Obesity
• Obesity in different social groups
• Obesity in men and women
• Obesity at different ages
• Obesity and socio-economic condition
• Obesity in different racial and ethnic groups
• Does obesity affect employment, wages and productivity?
• Special Focus II. The Size and Risks of the International Epidemic of Child Obesity (by Tim Lobstein)
Chapter 4. How Does Obesity Spread?
• The determinants of health and disease
• The main driving forces behind the epidemic
• Market failures in lifestyle choices
• The social multiplier effect: Clustering of obesity within households, peer groups and social networks
• Special Focus III. Are Health Behaviors Driven by Information? (by Donald Kenkel)
Chapter 5. Tackling Obesity: The Roles of Governments and Markets
• What can governments do to improve the quality of our choices?
• Government policies on diet and physical activity in the OECD area
• Private sector responses: Are markets adjusting to the new challenges?
• Special Focus IV. Community Interventions for the Prevention of Obesity (by Francesco Branca)
Chapter 6. The Impact of Interventions
• What interventions really work?
• Cost-effectiveness analysis: A generalised approach
• Effects of the interventions on obesity, health and life expectancy
• The costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions
• Strategies involving multiple interventions
• Distributional impacts of preventive interventions
• From modelling to policy: Key drivers of success
• Special Focus V. Regulation of Food Advertising to Children: the UK Experience (by Jonathan Porter)
• Special Focus VI. The Case for Self-Regulation in Food Advertising (by Stephan Loerke)
Chapter 7. Information, Incentives and Choice: A Viable Approach to Preventing Obesity
• Tackling the obesity problem
• Populations or individuals?
• Changing social norms .
• A multi-stakeholder approach
• How much individual choice?
Franco Sassi – Senior Health Economist and main author of the report
Michele Cecchini – Health Policy Analyst and co-author
Marion Devaux – Statistician and co-author
OECD Health Working Papers
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