This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on
five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the
United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in
the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster
a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of
education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the
re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills
matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research
and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed.
Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.