The 2008 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook is available
OECD Employment Outlook 2005, presents OECD's latest review of labour market trends and issues. In addition to its regular overview of labour markets in OECD countries and its comprehensive statistical annex, this edition also includes articles covering trade adjustment costs in OECD labour markets, regional disparities in labour markets, the role of in-work benefits in increasing employment of the unemployed and inactive, and evaluating the impact of labour market programmes and public employment services.
Introduction: Short-term Employment Prospects
Rising oil prices and volatile exchange rate fluctuations have affected growth prospects in the OECD area as a whole, in particular in the euro zone. As a result, the OECD employment picture is expected to improve only slowly in 2005-2006 – with, however, substantial cross-country differences in expected performance. Likewise, wages would continue to grow moderately over the projection period.
Chapter 1: Trade-adjustment costs in OECD labour markets: a mountain or a molehill?
How many workers are losing their jobs as a result of rising imports or the "delocalisation" of jobs? Are trade-displaced workers able to move into new jobs which offer pay comparable to that on the lost jobs? How can governments best assist these workers to re-integrate into employment?
Chapter 2: How persistent are regional disparities in employment? The role of geographic mobility
Is there a regional dimension to employment performance? How much do regional disparities in employment relate to differences in sectoral specialisation or educational attainment? Does geographic mobility play a role in reducing regional disparities in employment? Are there barriers to mobility in existing policies, in particular housing policies?
Chapter 3: Increasing financial incentives to work: the role of in-work benefits
To what extent do measures that raise the financial incentives to work really increase employment chances of unemployed and inactive individuals? How to ensure that in-work benefits do not end up creating low-pay traps? Under what conditions are in-work benefits cost-effective?
Chapter 4: Labour market programmes and activation strategies: evaluating the impacts
Do labour market programmes work? Activation measures deter some benefit claims, but also increase the volume of employment services delivered. Impacts of intensive services and training on employment and earnings can take as much as two years to appear, but then persist. Programme participants may displace non-participants, but positive labour demand and multiplier effects can also arise.
Chapter 5: Public employment services: managing performance
Data systems need to measure off-benefit, employment and earnings outcomes, and the public employment service needs to organise its services so that their impact on these outcomes can be clearly identified. The use of impact evaluations has historically contributed to a number of successful policy reforms.
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