Employment policies and data

Innovations in Labour Market Policies: The Australian Way


Table of Contents | How to Obtain this Publication


     ISBN: 9264187359
     Publication: 26/07/2001
     348 pages

With the introduction of Job Network on 1 May 1998, job matching and other employment assistance services in Australia were subcontracted to hundreds of private and community organisations. How well has this radical innovation worked? When jobseekers have to give something to the community in return for receiving unemployment benefits, what are the results? Which of Australia’s many innovations across a wide range of other labour market programmes could be adopted by other countries? Following extensive reforms to a complex industrial relations system to promote enterprise bargaining, what is the best way forward? This publication provides an in-depth analysis of industrial relations and labour market policies, with particular attention to recent insights from three years of operating experience with a contestable employment services market.

Table of Contents

This review examines labour market policy and industrial relations reform in Australia. It is part of a series on the Public Employment Service and labour market policies in OECD countries, with 19 countries covered since the early 1990s. Other recent publications in this series have been The Public Employment Service in the United States (1999) and Pushing Ahead with Reform in Korea: Labour Market and Social Safety-net Policies (2000).

  • Chapter 1 Setting the Scene: an Overview of the Australian Labour Market
    A. Introduction – land, population and economic development
    B. The labour force and employment
    C. Unemployment
    D. Income inequality and poverty
    E. Government
    F. The post-war evolution of Australian labour market policy
    G. The current labour market policy framework
    H. Setting the scene
  • Chapter 2 The Institutional Set-up of Labour Market Policy and Employment Services
    A. Introduction
    B. Labour market agencies and actors
    C. Job Network contracting, payment mechanisms and member profile
    D. Labour market programmes outside the Job Network
    E. Human Resources for employment services
  • Chapter 3 The Job Network System and Placement issues
    A. Introduction
    B. Job Network services
    C. System components and client flows
    D. Referrals of clients for service
    E. Job Network information flows and complaints procedures
    F. AJS and vacancy registration
    G. Job Network outcomes
    H. Enhancement of Job Network placement activity
  • Chapter 4 Unemployment and Related Benefits
    A. Overview
    B. Benefit entitlement structures: withdrawal rates, individualisation and other features to facilitate taking up work
    C. Eligibility conditions for unemployment benefits
    D. Centrelink processes
    E. The labour market impact of administration, entitlement and eligibility conditions
    F. Related benefits
    G. Welfare reform
  • Chapter 5 Labour Market Programmes
    A. Introduction
    B. Labour market programmes in the 1990s
    C. Programme provision within Job Network
    D. Work for the Dole
    E. Evaluations of the net impact of labour market programmes
    F. Three large programme areas: youth and training, indigenous and disability programmes
    G. Specialist programmes for severely disadvantaged jobseekers, labour market re-entrants and regional initiatives
  • Chapter 6 Workplace Relations and Wage Determination
    A. Introduction
    B. The evolution of the regulatory environment
    C. The employment relations parties
    D. Main features of industrial relations reform
    E. Outcome indicators
    F. Summary

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